Topic– Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.
4) Discuss the contribution of John Stuart Mill towards ethics and moral philosophy. (250 words)
Discuss- this is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question. we also have to discuss about the related and important aspects of the question in order to bring out a complete picture of the issue in hand.
Key demand of the question.
The question wants us to write in detail about John Stuart Mill, his philosophy and thoughts and his general contribution towards the field of ethics and moral of moral philosophy.
Structure of the answer
Introduction- write a few introductory lines about the John Stuart Mill. e.g Mention about Mill’s early life, education and famous works.
Discuss in points, the philosophy of John Stuart Mill and his contribution towards ethics and moral philosophy. E.g
- His System of Logic 1843 was an ambitious attempt to give an account not only of logic, as the title suggests, but of the methods of science and their applicability to social as well as purely natural phenomena.
- Mill’s conception of logic was not entirely that of modern logicians; besides formal logic, what he called “the logic of consistency”, he thought that there was a logic of proof, that is, a logic that would show how evidence proved or tended to prove the conclusions we draw from the evidence.
- That led him to the analysis of causation, and to an account of inductive reasoning that remains the starting point of most modern discussions.
- In his Principles of Political Economy, 1848, a work of Mill’s reflections on the difference between what economics measured and what human beings really valued:
- Mill argued that we should sacrifice economic growth for the sake of the environment, and should limit population.
- The Subjection of Women 1869 was thought to be excessively radical in Mill’s time but is now seen as a classic statement of liberal feminism. Its essential case is that if freedom is a good for men etc.
Conclusion- based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.