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VVPAT

Topics Covered:

  1. Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.

 

VVPAT

 

What to study?

For Prelims and Mains: What are VVPATs, why are they being used now and issues related to EVM tampering, other measures announced by ECI to enhance transparency during elections.

 

Context: The Election Commission recently informed the Madras High Court that it had made it clear way back in 2017 that there shall be 100% use of the Voter Verifiable Paper Audit Trail (VVPAT) system during the Lok Sabha election this year to gain voter confidence.

 

What are VVPAT machines?

  • The Voter Verified Paper Audit Trail is a method that provides feedback to voters.
  • It is an independent verification printer machine and is attached to electronic voting machines.
  • It allows voters to verify if their vote has gone to the intended candidate.

 

How do VVPAT machines work?

  1. When a voter presses a button in the EVM, a paper slip is printed through the VVPAT.
  2. The slip contains the poll symbol and name of the candidate.
  3. It allows the voter to verify his/her choice. After being visible to the voter from a glass case in the VVPAT for seven seconds, the ballot slip will be cut and dropped into the drop box in the VVPAT machine and a beep will be heard.
  4. VVPAT machines can be accessed by polling officers only.
  5. VVPAT is a machine which dispenses a slip with the symbol of the party for which a person has voted for. The slip dropped in a box but the voter cannot take it home.

 

Advantages in VVPATs:

  1. Enables to verify vote: Instant feedback to voter that vote polled has been allocated to the intended candidate.
  2. Enables authorities to count the votes manually if there is a dispute in the electronically polled votes.
  3. Operates under a Direct Recording Election system (DRE) which detects fraud and existent malfunctions.
  4. Will ensure greater transparency in voting process.
  5. Gives both the voters and political parties an assurance.

Sources: the hindu.

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