Topic– Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.
4) By recognising unpaid labour as genuine work, India will not only benefit in terms of its GDP figures but also empower its women. Analyze.(250 words)
Why this question
The women constitute half of our population and play a huge yet unrecognised role in our economy. In this context it is important to discuss how Indian economy can benefit form recognising unpaid labour of women as genuine work.
Analyze-here we have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts, and present them as a whole in a summary.
Key demand of the question.
The question wants us to dig deep into the issue and highlight the unpaid work performed by Indian women and bring out how formal recognition of such work can benefit Indian economy and empower its women.
Structure of the answer
Introduction- write a few introductory lines about the unpaid work done by women in India. E.g These tasks can include domestic upkeep, cooking, cleaning and childcare, while a broader definition would also include the hours of emotional labour that goes into holding families together and putting up with patriarchal constructions of what women are expected to tolerate and expect.
- Discuss in detail about such work. E.g
- The fact that 49 per cent of women in a country of 1.3 billion people don’t have their work accounted for in the annual GDP, throws up several problems.
- According to the Census in 2011, people engaged in household duties have been treated as non-workers, even when 159.9 million women stated that “household work” was their main occupation.
- While the global value of unpaid domestic labour by women hovers around 13 per cent, in India, the number is almost 40 per cent of its current GDP.
- Discuss how formal recognition of such work can help Indian economy as well as the women. E.g
- In a report, the International Monetary Fund also suggested that if women’s participation in the economy was raised to that of men, then India could grow its GDP by 27 per cent.
- Recognition is one of the most central processes in empowerment, and the recognition of their primary occupation as genuine work, that contributes not only to the family but to the welfare of the nation state as a whole, is such that it gives them a claim to equality within the patriarchal Indian household that only recognises the work done by men.
- It moves us towards a more holistic understanding of labour that isn’t purely tied to the exchange value of a service on the market.
Conclusion- based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.