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Indus Waters Treaty

Topics Covered:

  1. India and neighbourhood relations.


Indus Waters Treaty


What to study?

  • For Prelims: Indus Water Treaty- key facts.
  • For Mains: Issues associated with the implementation of the treaty and their resolution.


Context: Pak delegation has arrived in Delhi for Chenab under Indus Waters Treaty project inspection.



This tour is an obligation imposed on both the countries by the Indus Waters Treaty 1960 between India and Pakistan. Under the treaty, both the commissioners are mandated to inspect sites and works on both the sides of Indus basin in a block of five years.


Is it the first time?

No. Since signing of the treaty, a total of 118 such tours on both the sides have been undertaken by the commission.


Indus Water treaty:

  1. Signed in 1960 by then Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru and then Pakistan President Ayub Khan, the treaty allocates 80% of water from the six-river Indus water system to Pakistan.
  2. Under the treaty, control over six north Indian rivers were divided between the two countries. India got control over the rivers Beas, Ravi and Sutlej whereas Pakistan got control over Indus, Chenab and Jhelum.
  3. This is a unique treaty involving a third party. It was brokered by the World Bank.
  4. A Permanent Indus Commission was set up as a bilateral commission to implement and manage the Treaty. The Commission solves disputes arising over water sharing.
  5. The Treaty also provides arbitration mechanism to solve disputes amicably.


Sources: the hindu.