Topic– Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests
5) Belt and Road Initiative of China poses a threat to the unipolarity enjoyed by USA post 1990s. Comment. (250 words)
Why this question
The article wonderfully explains the theory of international relations by juxtaposing it to the current global power dynamics. It will enhance our understanding of geopolitical events and enable us to develop a better perspective on belt and road initiative and what it means for India.
Key demand of the question
The question expects us to bring out details of the belt and road initiative and explain how it poses a threat to unipolar status enjoyed by USA post cold war. Thereafter, it expects us to explain the impact on global power relations including on India and discuss way forward.
Comment – When you are asked to comment, you have to pick main points and give your ‘opinion’ on them based on evidences or arguments stemming from your wide reading. Your opinion may be for or against, but you must back your argument with evidences.
Structure of the answer
Introduction – Highlight the geopolitical flux in recent years.
- Explain about the unipolarity of USA since cold war and the ways in which it has been extended as discussed in the article. Highlight about the emphasis given by USA on developing maritime capabilities, sea lanes of communication and exercising influence through a military industrial complex and regime change.
- Explain about the belt and road initiative and how the Chinese approach differs from that of USA. Explain about debt diplomacy, land lines of communication etc
- Discuss the issues in Belt and Road initiative which prevents countries like India from coming on board
Conclusion – give a fair and balanced view and discuss way forward.