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[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 26 January 2019

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 26 January 2019

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INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2019: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 

Tomorrow’s Static Topic: Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s
interest.

 


General Studies – 2


Topic– Indian Diaspora

1) Discuss how India’s diaspora policy has evolved over the years?(250 words)

 

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to explain the how our policy regarding our diaspora has evolved over the years. We also need to highlight and explain the specific steps taken by the government to engage Indian diaspora and the advantages it has had.

Directive word
Discuss – here your discussion  should focus on the key demand of the question

Structure  of the answer

Introduction – Mention that diasporas have emerged as powerful entities since they are recognized as ‘soft power’ in the realm of foreign policy strategy and also as an agent or catalyst of economic development of countries of origin beside their active role in the host countries.

Body

Highlight that Indian Diaspora has increasingly become more influential over India’s foreign policy and has evolved as a strategic asset for India in the recent decades. Mention that around roughly about 25 million people spread across 135 countries form a part of Indian diaspora.
Discuss the evolution of our policy wrt our diaspora –
ethnic Indians who chose to remain abroad would consider themselves as citizens or nationals of their respective host lands. In fact, they were encouraged to integrate with host culture and fight for the liberation of their adopted lands
Later, when there was a switch of foreign policy priorities from realism to inter- third world cooperation under the regime of Rajiv Gandhi, there was a slight shift in Diaspora policy as well. He offered his amicable support and tried to handle Fiji Indian crisis in 1986, which had strained our relationship with Fiji. Besides, having realized Indian Diaspora as a strategic asset, he invited Indian diasporic talents like Sam Pitroda to realize his vision of 21st century India and took administrative measures like the establishment of Indian Overseas Affairs department in 1984.At the same time, there were no constructive steps or consistent and clear-cut policies to deal or tap the overseas Indians until the coming of National Democratic Alliance government led by BJP.
Diaspora  was able to participate in the plethora of economic opportunities of  the unregulated and open Indian economy. It resolved the foreign currency crisis due to substantial investment and remittance from the Indian Diaspora. Subsequently, the Indian government changed its outlook towards Diaspora and reviewed its Diaspora policy. The NDA government led by BJP had initiated major steps to leverage upon the Indian Diaspora for economic growth and also as part of its larger vision of cultural nationalism.
Discuss the specific measures undertaken to engage diaspora such as the ones mentioned in the article.
Conclusion – Highlight how significant diaspora is for the development of our country and the way forward.


Topic– Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests,

2) In the wake of US accusations, Indian is keen to introduce several reforms in WTO. Discuss.(250 words)

Economictimes

Why this question

The article discusses the recent relationship phase between US and India and the need for reforms in the WTO as felt by India.

Directive word

Discuss- this is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question. we also have to discuss about the related and important aspects of the question in order to bring out a complete picture of the issue in hand.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to write in detail about the US- India tussle at the WTO and reforms suggested by India recently in respect of the international trade body.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– write a few introductory lines about the  WTO. E.g the world economy and polity has changed since the formation of the WTO in 1995 and therefore there is need for some upgrade and reforms in the Geneva-based body.

Body– Discuss the reforms suggested by India in the wake of US accusations. E.g

  • India is likely to float a proposal aimed at reforming the dispute settlement mechanism, rule-making and transparency requirements at the World Trade Organization
  • India’s reform paper comes in the wake of the US blocking the appointment of judges at the global trade watchdog for more than two years, accusing emerging economies including India and China of eating into the development rights of poorer nations, and insisting on penalising countries if they introduce or increase subsidies for domestic industry without reporting to the organisation.
  • India’s stand is that the appellate body issue needs to be resolved first because that is central. Without that, WTO is no organisation
  • India is opposed to the idea of linking notification requirements with punitive action. India and 40 other members had opposed the US’ proposal in November that seeks to prohibit defaulters from presiding over WTO bodies and allows other countries to not answer questions posed by them.
  • India’s move assumes significance in the backdrop of growing protectionism in the global trade, hurting the confidence of the WTO.

Conclusion– based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.


Topic– Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Human Resources.

3) The ASER report highlights that there is a need for innovation in education sector in India. Comment. (250 words)

Reference

Why this question

The ASER report highlights what we already know about the status of learning outcomes in the country. What we don’t know is how to correct the situation and improve learning outcomes amongst our children. The article explores many suggestions which would help in improving learning outcomes and need to be discussed.

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to highlight the findings of ASER report, discuss its implication and suggest what kind of innovation would improve the status of education in our country.

Directive word

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Explain about the findings of the aser report.

Body

  • Discuss the implications of the findings of the aser report.
  • Highlight the reasons for poor learning outcomes in the country.
  • Discuss suggestions for improving the learning outcomes
    • Give suggestions such as employing administrators to reduce the burden of administrative work on teachers
    • Upgrade infrastructure of schools etc

Conclusion – Emphasize on the need for improving learning outcomes and discuss way forward.


Topic– Role of civil services in a democracy.

4) Frequent transfers of government employees is a constant source of worry, which affects their performance negatively. Comment.(250 words)

Livemint

 

Why this question

The recent CBI episode highlights the plight of government servants at the hands of their political masters. In this context it is essential to discuss how the transfers and postings affect the life of a government servant.

Directive word

Comment- here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.  

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue of transfers and postings in government services and express our opinion as to how it affects the public servants work and social life.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– write a few introductory lines highlighting lack of transparency and logic in transfers and postings. E.g mention the examples of some famous civil servants who were transferred many a times in their career.

Body-

DIscuss how frequent transfers and postings affect the professional and personal life of a civil servant. E.g

 

  • Lack of education and health facilities at remote places.
  • governments tend to wield the matter of transfers cynically, as a tool for punishment, injecting an element of unpredictability into an official’s career.
  • Lack of predictability in career.
  • It makes a civil servant compliant to seniors’ and politicians wishes.
  • It undermines their performance and honesty etc.

Discuss the need to bring transparency and fairness in the process.

conclusion- based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.

 


Topic: Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests,

5) The developments in Venezuela offer huge advantages for Indian economy. Comment.(250 words)

Reference

The hindubuisnessline

Why this question

The recent political crisis may not be in the interest of the country or the world in general but it offers benefits to countries like India and China. In this context it is important to discuss these developments and their effects on Indian economy.

Directive word

Comment- here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to express our knowledge and understanding of the recent political crisis in Venezuela and express our opinion as to how it will impact Indian economy.

Structure of the answer

Introduction- write a few introductory lines about the recent crisis in Venezuela. E.g mention the formation of interim government by opposition leader and his recognition by the US etc.

Body-

Discuss the India- Venezuela relationship and how India could benefit from these developments. E.g

Venezuela was the fourth-biggest crude supplier to India — after Iraq, Saudi Arabia and Iran.

“The quality of Venezuelan oil has been deteriorating after years of under-investment and aging infrastructure,

This means it’ll be tough for Venezuela to sell more oil to new markets and customers outside of traditionally active buyers in China and India.”

US sanctions against Venezuela could further help India getting cheaper supplies of oil.

India could explore  a rupee-payment mechanism for trade with Venezuela, besides exporting rice and drugs to the South American nation, all in return for crude oil etc.

Conclusion– based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.


General Studies – 3


Topic- Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life

6) Integrating various social media platforms raises several serious concerns. Comment.(250 words)

Economic times

Why this question

Facebook has recently mulled the idea of integrating three of its social network’s messaging services — WhatsApp, Instagram and Facebook Messenger. In this context it is essential to discuss the concerns raised by such an act.

Directive word

Comment- here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.  

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue of integrating various social media platforms and express our opinion about the issues and concerns raised by such initiative.

Structure of the answer

Introduction- write a few introductory lines about the  recent idea of Facebook to integrate Facebook, Whatsapp and Instagram.

Body-

Discuss the benefits to the business and the people/ consumers with such a step. E.g

One business opportunity involves behavior around Facebook Marketplace, a free Craigslist-like product where people can buy and sell goods on the social network;

Facebook Marketplace buyers and sellers in Southeast Asia would be able to reach out and communicate with each other using WhatsApp — rather than using Facebook Messenger or another, non-Facebook text messaging service.

Eventually, that could lead to new ad opportunities or services for profit etc

DIscuss the issues and concerns raised by this step. E.g

The changes  raise questions of data privacy because of how user information may be shared between the services.

Today, WhatsApp requires people to register only a phone number to sign up for the service. By contrast, Facebook and Facebook Messenger ask users to provide their real identities.

Conclusion– based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.


General Studies – 4


Topic– Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.

7) Discuss the relevance of life and teachings of Gandhi and Martin Luther King in today’s era?(250 words)

Reference

Why this question

The article discusses the life and teachings of Gandhi and Martin Luther King and discusses what lessons can be drawn from their life and teachings. The question would provide filler material for GS4 as well as help us in tackling personality or quite based question in paper 4.

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to bring out the lessons that could be drawn from the life and teachings of Gandhi and Luther King and thereafter explain why are these teachings relevant in the current age.

Directive word

Discuss – Your discussion should bring out the life and teachings of their life and discuss their relevance in the current age

Structure of the answer

Introduction – give an introduction about martin Luther King and Gandhi.

Body – discuss the learnings that we need to draw from the lives of these two iconic gentlemen and how their teachings are relevant in the present day and age.

Conclusion – Give your view on their relevance in modern times.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

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