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WHO’s list of 10 Global health threats

Topics Covered:

  1. Issues related to health.
  2. Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.

 

WHO’s list of 10 Global health threats

 

What to study?

  • For Prelims: Overview of health threats identified by WHO.
  • For Mains: Concerns and challenges identified by WHO, need for coordinated efforts and measures proposed by WHO.

 

Context: The World Health Organisation (WHO) list of 10 global health threats which demand immediate attention from WHO and health partners in 2019 has been released. According to the WHO, unless steps are taken to address these threats millions of lives are at risk.

 

Here are the 10 health issues that demand urgent attention from WHO and partners in 2019.

  1. Air pollution and climate change.
  2. Non-communicable diseases.
  3. Global influenza pandemic.
  4. Fragile and vulnerable settings: More than 22% of the world population lives in places where protracted crisis (through a combination of challenges such as drought, famine, conflict and population displacement) and weak health services leave people without access to basic care.
  5. Antimicrobial resistance.
  6. Ebola and other high-threat pathogens.
  7. Weak primary health care.
  8. Vaccine hesitancy: Vaccination is one of the most cost-effective ways of avoiding disease, however, the reluctance or refusal to vaccinate despite the availability of vaccines, threatens to reverse progress made in tackling vaccine-preventable diseases.
  9. Dengue
  10. HIV

 

Steps to address them:

WHO’s new 5-year strategic plan, the 13th General Programme of Work, aims to address these and other threats. Its plan focuses on a triple billion target that includes ensuring 1 billion more people benefit from access to universal health coverage, 1 billion more people being protected from health emergencies and 1 billion more people enjoy better health and well-being.

 

Sources: the hindu.

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