- Govt policies and their performance.
- Issues related to Indian diaspora.
Pravasi Teerth Darshan Yojana
What to study?
For Prelims and Mains: Key features and significance of Pravasi Teerth Darshan Yojana, who are Girmityas?
Context: Govt has launched the Pravasi Teerth Darshan Yojana.
- Under the scheme, a group of Indian diaspora will be taken on a government-sponsored tour of religious places in India twice a year.
- The group will be taken to the religious places of all major religions in India.
- The tour would be completely government sponsored.
- Under the eligibility criteria, all people of Indian-origin, aged between 45 and 65 can apply and a group will be selected out of them.
- The first preference will be given to people from ‘Girmitiya countries’ such as Mauritius, Fiji, Suriname, Guyana, Trinidad and Tobago and Jamaica.
Who are Girmityas?
Girmityas or Jahajis are descendants of indentured Indian labourers brought to Fiji, Mauritius, South Africa, East Africa, the Malay Peninsula, Caribbean and South America (Trinidad and Tobago, Guyana and Suriname) to work on sugarcane plantations for the prosperity of the European settlers and save the Fijians from having to work on these plantations and thus to preserve their culture.
The term Girmitiya was coined by Mahatma Gandhi who referred to himself as first Girmitiya.
The countries where these indentured Indian labourers settled are known as Girmitiya countries.
Sources: the hindu.