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4) Discuss the impact that America’s withdrawal from Afghanistan would have on India. (250 words)

Topic: Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s

4) Discuss the impact that America’s withdrawal from Afghanistan would have on India. (250 words)


Key demand of the question

The question expects us to discuss the situation with respect to American troops in Afghanistan, India’s position on this matter and thereafter bring out whether and how the withdrawal of US troops from Afghanistan would affect India.

Directive word

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Explain why this issue is in news currently.


  • Discuss the 2017 policy of USA of enhancing troop presence in Afghanistan and the recent winds of change which indicate that the USA is looking to withdraw
  • Discuss how it impacts India’s strategic interests
  • Highlight what India needs to do – India needs to shed its diplomatic diffidence because unlike in the 1990s, India’s options for engagement today are not restricted. It may not have the leverage of being a spoiler but neither does it carry uncomfortable baggage. During the last 18 years, India has earned goodwill cutting across Afghanistan’s geographies and ethnicities. Instead of playing favourites, it has supported institution building and shown that its interests coincide with the idea of a stable, secure, independent and peaceful Afghanistan. What is needed is more active and coordinated diplomacy, official and non-official, so that India remains at the table as Afghanistan’s preferred development partner through its transition.

Conclusion – Give your view and discuss way forward.