Print Friendly, PDF & Email

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 23 January 2019

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 23 January 2019

Click on EACH question to post/upload you answers.

How to Follow Secure Initiative?

How to Self-evaluate your answer? 

INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2019: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 

Tomorrow’s Static Topic: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests.

 


General Studies – 2


Topic– Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests

1) In its present form, RCEP agreement, is good for the region but not for India. Critically analyze.(250 words)

Reference

Reference

Why this question

RCEP is an important trade agreement which will have significant implications for India. In this comment it is essential to analyze the agreement in detail and bring out why in its present form the agreement does not suit India’s interests.

Directive word

Critically analyze-here we  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts, and present them as a whole in a summary.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to dig deep into the RCEP agreement and bring out why although the agreement may be good for the region/ bloc but is not in consonance with India’s interests in its present form.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– write a few introductory lines about the  RCEP agreement- who are the members, status of India vis a vis RCEP and economy and population represented by the group.

Body-

  1. Discuss the size, power of the trade bloc and its significance. E.g
  • The agreement will cater to half of world’s GDP (half of the world’s population) and will be the next biggest trade pact after the agreement on Arthur Dankel’s draft to upgrade General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT).
  • Apart from the 10 member countries of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), other RCEP signatories include China, Japan, South Korea, India, Australia and New Zealand.
  • The progress of the partnership is being closely monitored by most trade observers globally, especially when considering the US-China trade war.
  1. Discuss why in present form the agreement is not good for India. E.g
  • The agreement in the present state of negotiations would mean forgoing a substantial part of the revenues.
  • This further implies that the government needs to be confident on the GST numbers so that it can compensate for the loss
  • The presence of China creates apprehensions, especially when it is well documented that the country enjoys manufacturing surplus and is already dumping its products across the world, including in India etc.

Conclusion- based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.


Topic-Development processes and the development industry the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders

2) As India copes with the digital age, it will have to navigate between diverse competing interests. Analyze.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question

The article discusses many of the competing interests and controversies that are bound to arise and strengthen in the wake of growing adoption of technology in day to day life and everyday governance.

Directive word

Analyze-here we  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts, and present them as a whole in a summary.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to dig deep into the growing adoption and penetration of technology in Indian society and bring out the controversies, clashes and competing interests that could arise out of it.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– write a few introductory lines about the  growing mobile penetration , internet adoption, online presence of citizens, Digital India etc to highlight the increasing role of technology in India.

Body-

Discuss in paragraphs what competing interests are being and will be generated on account of the advent of digital age in India. E.g

  • Privacy vs Efficiency
  • Govt control of data vs private and foreign control
  • Promoting global trade vs protecting local  industry

Discuss how each pair of conflict of interest is a significant and vital issue.

Conclusion- based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.


Topic– Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.

3) Comment on what would Brexit, and the form it takes, mean for India and how should India prepare for this eventuality?(250 words)

Reference

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to shed some light on the complications surrounding Brexit, the implication of the deal on India and evaluate the response of India so far as well as how should her response be.

Directive word

Comment – When you are asked to comment, you have to pick main points and give your ‘opinion’ on them based on evidences or arguments stemming from your wide reading. Your opinion may be for or against, but you must back your argument with evidences.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Highlight why Brexit has been in news off late and discuss the complications.

Body

  • Comment on how and why would Brexit impact India
    • Brexit is an opportunity for India to reset the legal terms of its trade with the UK and EU, at the multilateral level, and through free trade agreements.
    • Indian businesses traditionally rely on the UK as their port of entry into the EU
    • international trade law assured Indian businesses that entry into the UK was an entry into the EU
    • Today, roughly 800 Indian companies operate in the UK, employing 104,932 people. India invests more in the UK than in the rest of the EU combined.
      The UK is taking itself out of that combination. As Indian companies search for new markets beyond the UK, they will be unable to rely on the “four freedoms” guarantee of the EU customs union: free movement of goods, services, capital, and labor.
  • Analyze how India’s response to Brexit has been and how it should be
    • India should re-negotiate with the UK and EU the World Trade Organization Schedules of Concessions, for both goods and services, should resume its FTA discussions with the EU, and should prepare to launch FTA talks with the UK
    • it needs to draw up a list of ‘substantially equivalent concessions’ it ‘initially negotiated’ with the UK and/or EU that it will ‘modify or withdraw’. On services, it needs to evaluate the prospect of WTO arbitration over ‘compensatory adjustments’ the UK and/or EU offers that India finds unacceptable, and thereafter modify or withdraw ‘substantially equivalent benefits’.

Conclusion – Give your view and discuss way forward.

 


Topic:  Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests

4) India should not allow the RCEP trade deal to fail. Do you agree. Comment.(250 words)

Economictimes

Directive word

Comment- here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.  

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to express our knowledge and understanding of the RCEP agreement and express our opinion as to why/ why not India must allow the RCEP trade deal to fail. Whatever our opinion we have to substantiate it with valid arguments and facts.

Structure of the answer

Introduction- write a few introductory lines about the RCEP agreement highlighting its significance and importance.

Body-

Discuss why India should not let the agreement fail. E.g

  • The Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership, or RCEP, is not a “competitor” to the Trans-Pacific Partnership.
  • But, unlike the former, the RCEP is a more traditional sort of trade deal, in which tariff cuts on tradeable goods — rather than high standards for labor, environmental and intellectual-property protections — are at the center of the discussion.
  • The truth is that those officials have it backwards. India has largely failed to develop a manufacturing sector because its factories aren’t competitive and aren’t plugged into global supply chains. Over the past few years, tariffs have started rising as well — often in an ad hoc and arbitrary manner — which means that becoming part of spread-out value chains will be even tougher.
  • Given the difficulty of getting Indian negotiators to the table for bilateral trade deals, the RCEP remains the best chance to incorporate India into a genuinely open trading bloc etc.

Conclusion- based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.


Topic Indian polity : issues

5) The parliamentary developments in UK has led to utter confusion in UK but has important lessons that liberal democracies around the world can learn. Discuss in context of India whose parliamentary system borrows heavily from UK?(250 words)

Indianexpress

Why this question

The article discusses the voting patterns in UK parliament regarding the passage of the deal and No confidence motion against the government. The article delves deep into the lessons we can learn which can also deepen our understanding of Indian democracy.

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to bring out the developments in UK and highlight what lessons it offers to liberal democracies around the world. Thereafter, we need to specifically discuss the lessons for India and how we should ingrain it in our democracy.

Directive word

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Explain about the recent developments in Brexit.

Body

  • Discuss the lessons that can be drawn from parliamentary proceedings in UK related to Brexit
    • the drama has foregrounded the quirks and strengths of parliamentary democracy. They have foregrounded the fact that in a parliamentary system, legislators are supreme as they represent popular sovereignty.
    • formal and informal coalition building among the ruling party, its allies and the opposition has ensured that every political group has played a role in this crucial process. This has produced delay and chaos, but it has also deepened the legitimacy of the political system
  • Discuss what lessons can be drawn from these developments for the indian political system. Here you can discuss points like relevance of anti detection law, the art of consensus building across the opposition etc

Conclusion – give your view and discuss the way forward.


General Studies – 3


Topic- Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

6) India needs to raise and sustain its growth rate at 8%. Discuss what measures need to be taken in this regard.(250 words)

Economictimes

Why this question

India’s growth is poised to increase this year but has not been at the desired level for quite some time. In order for India to achieve most of its socio economic goals. The article discusses some of the essential steps that need to be taken in order to achieve a sustained growth rate of 8%.

Directive word

Discuss- this is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question. we also have to discuss about the related and important aspects of the question in order to bring out a complete picture of the issue in hand.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to bring out in detail about the measures that you think need to be taken in order to achieve and sustain a growth rate of 8%.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– write a few introductory lines about the  recent growth rate figures for India- past few years and anticipated growth rate. E.g growth rate projected by IMF etc.

Body-

Write in points as to what should be done to enhance India’s growth rate to 8% and sustain it for the medium future. E.g

  • a shift in agriculture to convert farmers into ‘agripreneurs’ by expanding e-National Agriculture Markets and replacing the Agricultural Produce Marketing Committee Act with Agricultural Produce & Livestock Marketing Act.
  • A unified national market, a freer export regime and abolition of the Essential Commodities Act are essential to boost agricultural growth,
  • further improve the policy environment in which private investors and other stakeholders can contribute their fullest
  • bring innovation, technology, enterprise and efficient management together at the core of policy formulation and implementation etc.

Conclusion- based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.


Topic – Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.

7) The onset of digital age requires careful considerations in policy making to balance the interests of state and citizen, capital and consumer, public good and private hain. Discuss in context of the recent developments in how to govern data?(250 words)

Indianexpress

Why this question

This article establishes the need for a global policy regulating data, highlights the various strains of thoughts regarding this and the global developments as well. The article provides relevant and contemporary issue which will become very significant in the days to come.

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to bring out the various strains of thoughts regarding how data should be governed and bring out the interests of the various stakeholders as mentioned in the question. Thereafter, we need to give a fair and balanced view on what the way forward needs to be.

Directive word

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Explain about the growing importance of data in the digital age.

Body

  • Explain what the issue is – the fact that data generated by the people’s digital footprint is being monetized without the approval or knowledge of people whose data it is
  • Give the various strains of thoughts regarding how this must be protected
    • Nationalization of data as suggested by Ambani
    • Jack Ma’s suggestion of greater liberalisation to make it easier for small producers in one country to sell to consumers across the world.
    • Gathering data and monetising is what Google and Facebook do.
    • Cook is mobilising support for a comprehensive privacy law in the US that will protect the consumer from the companies that collect personal data. One of Cook’s key proposals is the establishment of a “data-broker clearinghouse” that will register all data brokers, enable consumers to track the transactions that have bundled and sold their data from place to place, and give users the power to delete their data if they chose.
  • Discuss why this is important and interests of the various stakeholders like government, corporates, public etc
  • Give your view on what the way forward should be

Conclusion – Highlight that in the days and years to come, this is doing to be a major issue and discuss the way forward.


Topic– Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life.

8) Analyze the debate between lithium-ion batteries and hydrogen fuel cells?(250 words) 

Livemint

Why this question

The article provides deep insight into battery technology used in electric vehicles which are going to become the preferred mode of transportation in the days and years to come. Hence this question

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to explain how Li Ion battery and hydrogen fuel cells battery work. Thereafter, we need to highlight the pros and cons of each technology and give a fair and balanced view regarding the future of these technologies.

Directive word

Analyze – When asked to analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Explain that electric vehicles are the way forward because of threats of climate change

Body

  • Explain how Li Ion and fuel cell batteries work
    • Li ion – All lithium-ion batteries work in broadly the same way. When the battery is charging up, the lithium-cobalt oxide, positive electrode gives up some of its lithium ions, which move through the electrolyte to the negative, graphite electrode and remain there. The battery takes in and stores energy during this process. When the battery is discharging, the lithium ions move back across the electrolyte to the positive electrode, producing the energy that powers the battery. In both cases, electrons flow in the opposite direction to the ions around the outer circuit. Electrons do not flow through the electrolyte: it’s effectively an insulating barrier, so far as electrons are concerned.
    • Fuel cell – Fuel cells use an electrochemical reaction between hydrogen and oxygen, catalysed by platinum, to produce energy. The only exhaust is the combination product—water. The challenge is to produce hydrogen in an energy-efficient manner, transport it to distribution points and store it in gaseous or liquid form in a car.
  • Discuss the pros and cons of both technology for the purpose of usage in electric vehicles

Conclusion – Give your opinion on which technology is the future and what should India do.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 [jetpack_subscription_form]