- Important International institutions, agencies and fora, their structure, mandate.
- Indian economy and employment related issues.
ILO Commission’s Future of Work Report
What to study?
- For Prelims: About Global Commission on the Future of Work and ILO.
- For Mains: Highlights of the report, concerns raised, challenges and recommendations made.
Context: The Global Commission on the Future of Work released its report on Jan 22. The document calls on governments to take steps to address the challenges caused by unprecedented transformations going on in the world of work.
Concerns and challenges highlighted by the report:
- Due to the unprecedented transformational change in the world of work, there are several transformational challenges that are bound to occur.
- Artificial intelligence, automation and robotics will lead to job losses, as skills become obsolete.
Among the 10 recommendations are:
- A universal labour guarantee that protects fundamental workers’ rights, an adequate living wage, limits on hours of work and safe and healthy workplaces.
- Guaranteed social protection from birth to old age that supports people’s needs over the life cycle.
- A universal entitlement to lifelong learning that enables people to skill, reskill and upskill.
- Managing technological change to boost decent work, including an international governance system for digital labour platforms.
- Greater investments in the care, green and rural economies.
- A transformative and measurable agenda for gender equality.
- Reshaping business incentives to encourage long-term investments.
Need of the hour:
It is time for a vision for a human-centred agenda that is based on investing in people’s capabilities, institutions of work and in decent and sustainable work.
- Countless opportunities lie ahead to improve the quality of working lives, expand choice, close the gender gap, reverse the damages wreaked by global inequality. Yet none of this will happen by itself.
- Governments, trade unions and employers need to work together, to make economies and labour markets more inclusive. Such a social dialogue can help make globalization work for everyone.
About Global Commission on Future of Work:
The formation of a ILO Global Commission on the Future of Work marks the second stage in the ILO Future of Work Initiative.
- Its job is to undertake an in-depth examination of the future of work that can provide the analytical basis for the delivery of social justice in the 21st century.
- Its job also includes identifying the key challenges facing the world of work and making practical recommendations about how these may be addressed in the future.
Sources: the hindu.