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1) Analyze the provisions of the anti lynching law of Manipur and how it helps in controlling hate crimes?(250 words)

Topic– Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

1) Analyze the provisions of the anti lynching law of Manipur and how it helps in controlling hate crimes?(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question

The article discusses the provisions of the anti lynching law brought by Manipur and how it sets an example for the rest of the country. In light of the recent incidents of lynching, the article emphasizes on the need of such a law and how it would help in bringing such criminals to book.

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to establish the need of such a law, discuss the key provisions of it and thereafter analyze how this law would help in bringing the perpetrators of such hate crimes to book and the issues involved therein.

Directive word

Analyze – When asked to analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Highlight the recent incidents of lynching which necessitate such a law.


  • Discuss about the dangers caused by lynching to India’s pluralist social fabric and how such hate crimes need to be curbed.
  • Discuss the directions of supreme court with respect to anti lynching laws – court felt compelled to act in the shadow of four years of surging hate violence targeting religious and caste minorities. It also urged Parliament to consider passing a law to combat mob hate crime.The Union and most State governments have done little to comply with the directions of India’s highest court. But Manipur became the first to pass a remarkable law against lynching.
  • Examine in detail the provisions of the law and the issues involved therein
    • The Manipur law closely follows the Supreme Court’s prescriptions, creating a nodal officer to control such crimes in every State, special courts and enhanced punishments.
    • definition of lynching is comprehensive, covering many forms of hate crimes. These are “any act or series of acts of violence or aiding, abetting such act/acts thereof, whether spontaneous or planned, by a mob on the grounds of religion, race, caste, sex, place of birth, language, dietary practices, sexual orientation, political affiliation, ethnicity or any other related grounds
    • However it does not cover individual hate crimes
    • first in the country dealing with the protection and rights of vulnerable populations which creates a new crime of dereliction of duty of public officials. It lays down that “any police officer directly in charge of maintaining law and order in an area, omits to exercise lawful authority vested in them under the law, without reasonable cause, and thereby fails to prevent lynching shall be guilty of dereliction of duty” and will be liable “to punishment of imprisonment of one year, which may extend to three years, and with fine that may extend to fifty thousand rupees”. Etc
  • Discuss the impact of such a law and what more needs to be done by the other states

Conclusion – Give your view and discuss the way forward.