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7) A 10% quota for the upper-caste poor will not necessarily translate into employment opportunities. Comment.(250 words)

Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.

7) A 10% quota for the upper-caste poor will not necessarily translate into employment opportunities. Comment.(250 words)

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Why this question

Recently the central government has passed a bill which provides 10% reservation to economically poor but socially higher castes in India. The article explores the potential of such a measure over employability of the targeted group.

Directive word

Comment- here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.  

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to express our knowledge and understanding of the recent measure of the central government to provide reservations to economically weaker upper caste people in India and express our opinion as to why/ why not this measure will translate into employability for them.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– write a few introductory lines about the  recent move of the central government to provide reservations to economically weaker upper caste persons in India.

Body-

Discuss the implications of such measure on employment in India. E.g

  • A recent report by the Centre for Monitoring Indian Economy (CMIE) reveals that-
  • the situation in the Indian job market is bleak: first, unemployment is on the rise with the rate shooting up to 7.4% in December 2018, the highest ever seen in the past 15 months;
  • the incidence of joblessness is the highest among the (economically) vulnerable sectors and sections (for example, around 82% of the jobs lost are in the rural sector, already facing the agrarian crisis,
  • and almost 80% of the joblessness is borne by women.
  • Recruitment in the government sector is tardy, wherein a third of the backlog vacancies is already of the “reserved” category.
  • Simultaneously, the unorganised and informal sector that had been a source of employment, historically, is evidently reeling.
  • The International Labour Organization’s (ILO) World Employment and Social Outlook: Trends 2018 has classified almost four-fifths of the employment in India as “vulnerable,” with less than a fifth of the workers being regular salaried employees and another two-fifths perceiving themselves to be underpaid.
  • Bring out whether the 10% reservations will help Indian youth gain employment, based on your discussion.

Conclusion- based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.

CategoriesINSIGHTS