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5) Combating discrimination based on caste is no longer a priority for Indian reformers. Do you agree. Comment.(250 words)

Topic– Development processes and the development industry the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders

5) Combating discrimination based on caste is no longer a priority for Indian reformers. Do you agree. Comment.(250 words)



Why this question

The article discusses the other side of the discrimination based on caste and analyzes the declining interest of the social reformers of today in fighting against this discrimination.

Directive word

Comment- here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to express our opinion as to whether combating discrimination based on caste is/ is not a priority for Indian social reformers and activists today. We have to substantiate our opinion with proper facts/ arguments.

Structure of the answer

Introduction- write a few introductory lines about the  social and economic inequalities in India. E.g present some statistics on economic inequality and mention the dilution of social discrimination with age.


  1. Mention that  in the pre-1947 era eradicating casteism was an important strand of both the freedom struggle and many Hindu reform movements. Give names of such movements, struggles and associated endeavours and personalities.  
  2. Discuss why the general population particularly the educated urban class reformers no longer give so much priority to combating discrimination based on caste. E.g
  • First, thanks to our Constitution and progressive laws, the most abhorrent forms of casteist bias have been criminalised.
  • Second, overt casteism is no longer visible in the anonymity of our cities; atrocities directed at Dalits are largely of rural provenance.
  • The third and perhaps most important reason why the socially privileged feel absolved of any further responsibility for fighting casteism is the policy of reservations. Mandatory quotas in universities, government jobs and elected offices are seen as having done enough (and indeed too much in the eyes of many) to create secure pathways for SCs to achieve upward mobility.
  • Despite this grim picture, many believe that with all the enabling conditions now in place it is simply up to the Dalit community to pull themselves up.

Conclusion– based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.