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China develops its own ‘Mother of All Bombs’

Topics covered:

  1. Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention.
  2. Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism.

 

China develops its own ‘Mother of All Bombs’

 

What to study?

For Prelims and Mains: MoAB and FoAB- features, concerns, threats and need of the hour.

 

Context: China has developed a massive bomb, said to be the country’s answer to the US-built ‘Mother of All Bombs’, the most powerful non-nuclear weapon.

  • It is dubbed as the Chinese version of the “Mother of All Bombs” due to its huge destruction potential that is claimed to be only second to nuclear weapons.

 

Background:

  • Last year, while waging war against militants in Afghanistan, the US military dropped a GBU-43/B Massive Ordnance Air Blast (MOAB) weapon, more commonly known as the “Mother of All Bombs,” on the Islamic State.
  • Although China is using the same nickname for its bomb, said to weigh several tonnes, the Chinese weapon is smaller and lighter than its American counterpart.

 

Mother of all Bombs:

  • The Moab or GBU-43/B is the world’s largest non-nuclear weapon.
  • It is designed to destroy heavily reinforced targets or to shatter ground forces and armour across a large area.
  • Its blast is equivalent to 11 tons of TNT. By comparison, the nuclear weapon dropped on Hiroshima had a blast yield of 15 tons of TNT.
  • While it has a blast radius that stretches a mile in each direction the bomb leaves no lasting radiation effect because it is non-nuclear.

 

Father of all Bombs:

To match the U.S. weapon, Russia developed the “Father of All Bombs” which is both bigger and thermobaric, meaning it uses gas to create a huge fireball rather than a shockwave.

 

Sources: the hindu.

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