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7) Discuss how the principle of ALIR help in solving ethical dilemmas faced by public servants.(250 words)

Topic– Ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; accountability and ethical governance.

7) Discuss how the principle of ALIR help in solving ethical dilemmas faced by public servants.(250 words)


Directive word

Discuss- this is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question. we also have to discuss about the related and important aspects of the question in order to bring out a complete picture of the issue in hand.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to write in detail about the ALIR principles and bring out at length as to how they help in solving ethical dilemmas in public services.

Structure of the answer

Introduction- write a few introductory lines about the  ethical dilemma. E.g A dilemma is something wider and more demanding than a problem, however difficult or complex the latter may be (Rapoport, 1960). The reason is that dilemmas, unlike problems, cannot be solved in the terms in which they are initially presented to the decision-maker.


Discuss in detail the ALIR principles and how they can be applied to solve ethical dilemmas in public services. E.g

  1. The imperative for accountability
  • Since it is ministers who are accountable to Parliament, not civil servants, it follows that the latter are obliged to execute the orders of the former even if the disagree with their content, provided that they originate from a legitimate source of authority in the institutional hierarchy, and that authority insists on being executed despite the remonstrances put forward by officials.
  1. The imperative for legality
  • Respect for and application of the principle of legality entails a particular type of control on administrative action that aims to see that public administration operates within the context of the law established by the legislature (Parliament). Since the source of all power is ultimately the people, according to the fundamental constitutional principle of popular sovereignty that is enshrined in most democracies nowadays, it follows that all power must be exercised in the name and to the general interest of the people.
  1. The imperative for integrity
  • The imperative for integrity constitutes a source of internal self-control in administrative conduct based on ethical standards and criteria shared and respected by the corps of professional administrators. Avoiding, for instance, corruption and exhibiting integrity would then be for them a matter of personal and professional honour and prestige in a culture of ethics, and not simply an externally imposed obligation.”
  1. The imperative for responsiveness
  • the imperative for responsiveness to civil society calls for an increased awareness and readiness to adapt to changing values and conditions in society at large, and stresses the need for an overall ‘external’ or societal accountability of state authorities and administration.

Conclusion– based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.