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Asia Reassurance Initiative Act of 2018

Topics covered:

  1. Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

 

Asia Reassurance Initiative Act of 2018

 

What to study?

For Prelims and Mains: Asia Reassurance Initiative Act of 2018- features, significance, concerns and implications and possible outcomes.

 

Context: U.S. President Donald J. Trump has signed into law the Asia Reassurance Initiative Act (ARIA), which has already been passed by the U.S. Senate.

  • The ARIA Act, specifically, calls for America’s increased engagement in the Indo-Pacific region and strengthened support, including arms sales, for U.S. allies in the region.
  • The act develops a long-term strategic vision and a comprehensive, multifaceted, and principled United States policy for the Indo-Pacific region.

 

Key highlights of the Act:

Security Interests:

  • Authorizes US$ 1.5 billion annually for 5 years to enhance U.S. presence in the Indo-Pacific.
  • Reaffirms U.S. security commitments to our allies in the Indo-Pacific, including Japan, South Korea, and Australia and builds security partnerships with nations in Southeast Asia.
  • Establishes a policy goal to peacefully denuclearize North Korea though the campaign of maximum pressure and engagement.
  • Enhances the U.S. diplomatic, economic, and security relationship with India.
  • Enforces U.S. freedom of navigation and overflight rights in the Indo-Pacific.
  • Expresses support for regular arms sales to Taiwan and to enhance the economic, political, and security relationship between Taiwan and the United States.
  • Promotes robust cybersecurity cooperation with our allies in the region.
  • Sets U.S. policy to pursue effective arms control and nuclear nonproliferation policies in the Indo-Pacific region.

 

Economic Engagement:

  • Promotes economic cooperation in the Indo-Pacific region as essential for the growth of the U.S. economy and success of American businesses.
  • Authorizes bilateral and multilateral trade negotiations with Indo-Pacific nations.
  • Provides for robust U.S. commercial presence throughout the Indo-Pacific region to promote U.S. exports and additional trade facilitation efforts.
  • Authorizes the imposition of penalties on entities and governments engaged in the theft of United States intellectual property.
  • Requires a new comprehensive U.S. policy to promote energy exports.

 

Promoting Values:

  • Provides US$ 150 million annually for 5 years for democracy, rule of law, and civil society support, including $10 million annually for freedom of information efforts in North Korea.
  • Call for additional U.S. efforts against trafficking-in-persons and human slavery; and Authorizes U.S. sanctions against human rights abusers.

 

Sources: the hindu.

CategoriesINSIGHTS