Topic – Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.
4) The era of specialisation has its own achievements but it has also created narrow reductionist viewpoints on environment and nature. Comment.(250 words)
Why this question
Specialization of fields of education and profession is an ever-growing phenomena. The article discusses what it entails for the society in terms of technological and economic progress and what are its effects in terms of our interaction towards nature.
Comment- here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.
Key demand of the question.
The question wants us to express our knowledge and understanding about the pros and cons of specialization that we have witnessed since the onset of modern economies and express our opinion as to how it affects our understanding as well as response towards nature.
Structure of the answer
Introduction– write a few introductory lines about the growing importance of specialization like in the fields of medicine, management, research etc.
- Discuss why specialization has occurred in the modern society.e.g With greater and deeper development of various fields of science, technology and even the social sciences, specialisation is inevitable and even necessary in the contemporary world. This has yielded many important, even life-saving results etc.
- Discuss the perils of specialization. E.g it leads members of the knowledge industry to see little beyond their bulwarks; The world views of highly specialised domains are often so distinct that they have created not only disparate paradigms but distinct worlds; It, therefore, becomes difficult or impossible for an economist to appreciate the importance and value of biodiversity or why its loss is a major casualty (unless he or she tries to monetise it), or for an engineer to understand why decentralised solar power that allows greater democratisation among local communities is an opportunity to be grabbed instead of installing large solar parks by mega-corporations; corporate interests, personal promotion, careerism and pandering to their own vested interests create elite networks of corruption etc.
Conclusion- based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.