Topic– Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
3) NITI Aayog’s ‘Strategy for New India @ 75’ contains the blueprint for India’s future development. Critically examine. (250 words)
Why this question
The article discusses the suggestions made by Niti ayog’s document regarding the reforms required for taking the country forward. It is important to understand and remember what these suggestions are and also do a critical examination of the recommendations from the point of view of how beneficial or relevant the reforms are going to be for India.
Key demand of the question
The question expects us to bring out the details of the report by Niti Ayog and explain the pros and cons of the recommendations for India. Finally, we need to provide a fair and balanced view regarding the impact of the reforms and discuss way forward.
Critically examine – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic, get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any . When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, all you need to do is look at the good and bad of something and give a fair judgement.
Structure of the answer
Introduction – explain about NITI Aayog’s ‘Strategy for New India @ 75’.
- Discuss the overall sense of the nature of reforms suggested by Niti Ayog – intent to change the approach to planning from preparations of plans and budgets to the creation of a mass movement for development in which “every Indian recognises her role and experiences the tangible benefits” is laudable. The strategy affirms that “policymaking will have to be rooted in ground realities” rather than economic abstractions. It says that stakeholders have been consulted widely in preparing the strategy
- Discuss the recommendations and also examine its impact
- need to improve implementation of policies and service delivery on the ground, which is what matters to citizens. Its resurrection of the 15 reports of the Second Administrative Reforms Commission and recommendation that they must be implemented vigorously are welcome.
- Employment and labour reforms, the second chapter in the strategy, have rightly been given the highest priority, which was not the case in the previous plans. Overall growth is also emphasised by NITI Aayog: “Besides having rapid growth, which reaches 9-10 per cent by 2022-23, it is also necessary to ensure that growth is inclusive, sustained, clean and formalised.” etc
- Discuss some of the issues with regards to suggestions by Niti Ayog
- strategy on labour laws appears pedestrian compared with the ambitious strategy of uplifting the lives of millions of Indians so that they share the fruits of economic growth. It recommends complete codification of central labour laws into four codes by 2019. While this will enable easier navigation for investors and employers through the Indian regulatory maze, what is required is a fundamental reorientation of the laws and regulations — they must fit emerging social and economic realities. Etc
Conclusion – Give your view on how effective these reforms are going to be in order to address the issues faced by the economy and discuss way forward.