Topic-Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
2) Trafficking of Persons (Prevention, Protection and Rehabilitation) Bill 2018 fails to comprehend the multifaceted nature of trafficking and, presumes guilt rather than innocence. Examine.(250 words)
Why this question
The bill which was already approved by Lok Sabha has triggered widespread protests from various section including NGOs and transgenders demanding its withdrawal fearing that it would adversely affect them. It is therefore important to analyze the bill in detail.
Examine- here we have to probe deeper into the topic, get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any.
Key demand of the question.
The question wants us to dig deep into the provisions of the bill in detail and bring out how the bill fails to comprehend the multifaceted nature of trafficking and how it presumes guilt rather than innocence.
Structure of the answer
Introduction– write a few introductory lines about the passage of the bill in the lok sabha recently and highlight the aims of the bill.
Discuss about the salient provisions of the bill which highlight that the bill has not recognised the multifaceted nature of trafficking and presumes guilt rather than innocence. E.g The Bill creates a law for investigation of all types of trafficking, and rescue, protection and rehabilitation of trafficked victims; The Bill provides for the establishment of investigation and rehabilitation authorities at the district, state and national level. Anti-Trafficking Units will be established to rescue victims and investigate cases of trafficking. Rehabilitation Committees will provide care and rehabilitation to the rescued victims; In India, socio-economic inequalities are more acute, as 37 million people have been dispossessed by the agrarian crisis leading them to migrate, thus becoming vulnerable to trafficking and forced labour. Increased criminalisation is only likely to strengthen the hands of corrupt police officers leading to the persecution of vulnerable sections of society; The Bill is a draconian criminal law with offences unrelated to trafficking (distribution of material on sexual exploitation), vaguely worded offences (publicising obscene materials that may lead to trafficking), offences where only the act has to be proved and minimum, mandatory punishments with no clear sentencing policy;
Conclusion– based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.