Topic– Mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections. Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
1) Critically examine why the recently passed Transgender bill fails to address the systemic discrimination faced by transgenders in India. (250 words)
Why this question
The bill had been pending since a long time and was recently passed by the Lok Sabha. The provisions of the bill have been criticized on various fronts. It is essential to analyze the bill in detail and bring out its shortcomings.
Directive word :
Critically examine- here we have to probe deeper into the topic, get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any. based on our discussion we have to form a concluding opinion on the issue.
Key demand of the question.
The question wants us to dig deep into the issue and bring out as the reasons as to why the recently passed Transgender bill has failed to address the issues regarding discrimination faced by the transgenders in India.
Structure of the answer
Introduction– write a few introductory lines about the Transgender people passed by the LS recently. E.g the objectives of the bill includes protecting interests of transgenders, defining of the term ‘transgender’, to give them recognition and setting up of a national transgender council.
Discuss the pros/ positive points about the bill. E.g The Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Bill, 2016 seeks to empower the transgender community by providing them a separate identity; The bill proposes to setup a National Transgender Council to look after the interests and grievances of the transgender community etc.
Discuss the limitations/ deficiencies of the bill. E.g there are several laws in the country and it is not clear how these laws including the Companies Act would be applied to transgenders;Adequate attention has not been given in drafting this bill;the definition of transgenders is not complete and that other terms such as transmen and transwomen are not defined.The bill fails to define discrimination against transgenders;there is no clarity on the term “self perceived gender identity” and “how it will be enforced” etc.
Conclusion- based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.