Topic– Environmental pollution and degradation.
8) NGT’s fine on Karnataka government for improper management of city’s lakes is a timely reminder to other states to take care of their water bodies. Discuss.(250 words)
Why this question
The article examines the recent decision of NGT of imposing fine on karnataka government for mismanagement of city lakes and the larger issue it raises about the mismanagement of water bodies and sewage disposal in general. This question would help you understand the issue and think over the way forward.
Key demand of the question
The question expects us to first highlight and explain the reasons behind the order of NGT of imposing fine on Karnataka government. Thereafter, it expects us to highlight the poor condition of water bodies and improper waste disposal which causes such condition of your water bodies across the states. Next, we need to bring out the steps required for proper management of such lakes and provide the way forward.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer
Introduction – Highlight the decision of NGT – The National Green Tribunal’s order earlier this month, imposed a Rs 50-crore fine on the Karnataka government and a Rs 25 crore one on the city’s municipal government for negligence that led to the city’s lakes sporting flotillas of toxic froth—and even catching fire in the case of Bellandur.
- Highlight the reasons behind NGT’s order
- BBMP had sanctioned illegal construction around a lake, in violation of an earlier NGT order, via a circular that was later withdrawn.
- NGT also pulled up the state government for its “apathy”, saying projects were being “sanctioned without ensuring preventive, restorative and controlling measures”.
- The NGT made note of how the state and the local governments’ failure to act has led to rampant encroachment—98% of lakes suffer from this—that has choked off recharging and the unchecked flow of untreated wastewater (90% of the lakes suffer from this; more than 35% of the sewage that flows into Bellandur is untreated).
- Comment on the larger issues that the order raises – that of mismanagement of city lakes and poor waste disposal. Highlight the situation across the country. Non-profit water pollution monitor WaterAid estimates nearly 80% of surface water in India—rivers, lakes, canals, etc—to be highly polluted, mostly due to untreated domestic sewage flowing into these water bodies from urban areas and, in the case of some rivers, due to untreated effluent from factories
- Discuss the solutions that can mitigate this issue
Conclusion – Highlight that NGT’s decision should serve as an eye opener for other states to take care of the water bodies.