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1) Critically analyze whether death penalty is justified in the modern times.(250 words)

Topic: Effects of globalization on Indian society.

1) Critically analyze whether death penalty is justified in the modern times.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question

Some of the activist have made representations for speedier execution of Nirbhaya case accused. This brings out the need to discuss the old topic of the pros and cons of death penalty in a modern society.

Directive word

Critically analyze-  here we have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts, and present them as a whole in a summary. based on our discussion we have to form a concluding opinion on the issue.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to look into the death penalty in detail and discuss why it is unwarranted in the present times and also discuss where it should be allowed. Based on our discussion we have to from a personal opinion on the issue.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– write a few introductory lines about the  recent demands for executing Nirbhaya case accused.


  1. Discuss the pitfalls and problems of death penalty. E.g
  • The death penalty is error-ridden. Between January 1, 2000 and June 31, 2015, the Supreme Court imposed 60 death sentences. It subsequently admitted that it had erred in 15 of them (25%).
  • The death penalty unfairly targets the poor and marginalised. Those without capital get the punishment. Penurious prisoners on legal aid get it the most, while others with private lawyers remain untouched.
  • The death penalty is impossible to administer fairly or rationally. The Supreme Court has repeatedly admitted that it has arbitrarily imposed this most extreme punishment. Executions occurred in 5.2 cases for every 1 lakh murders etc.
  1. Discuss the situations where death         penalty has been thought imperative to serve the sense of justice. E.g
  • The Law Commission of India has attempted to analyse the need for the death penalty on two separate occasions. While the 35th Report correctly called for its retention in order to see its impact on a new republic, the more recent 262nd Report could not recommend the punishment’s absolute abolition despite a rather desperate attempt to do the same for the first 240 pages;cases of violent terror are constant reminders of the need to protect national stability by ensuring appropriate responses to such actions, and the death penalty forms part of the national response.It is in this idea that there exists a moral support for the death penalty. A punishment cannot be judged by its impact on criminals but by its impact on those who are still innocent etc.

Conclusion– based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.