Topic – Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States
and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies
constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections
2) Discuss the various constitutional safeguards for protection of women and schemes introduced by the government to empower women?(250 words)
Key demand of the question
The question expects us to list out the constitutional provisions related to empowerment of women, the various schemes launched for women’s empowerment. Thereafter we need to discuss the impact of such measures and what more needs to be done.
Discuss – In your discussion, you need to answer the key demand of the question
Structure of the answer
Introduction – Discuss the status quo of women and why they are considered as vulnerable section.
- Explain the constitutional safeguards for women such as Art. 15(3), Art. 23, Art. 39: Guarantees equal pay to women for equal work. In the case of Randhir Singh vs Union of India, SC held that the concept of equal pay for equal work is indeed a constitutional goal and is capable of being enforced through constitutional remedies under Art. 32, art 40, art 42, art 44 etc
- Discuss some of the welfare schemes for employment of women, literacy of women, pregnancy support etc
- Discuss that the schemes have evolved over the years from treating women as passive recipients of state generosity to active participants of the development process.
Conclusion – Discuss the impact of these schemes and what more needs to be done.