Topic – Climate Change
7) In the wake of the recent scientific reports on Climate change, it is imperative to finalise the rule book by 2018. Comment.(250 words)
Why this question
Accounting procedures, regarding the flow of climate finance, has become one of the most controversial issues being debated at Katowice, Poland where countries have gathered to agree upon a ‘Rule Book’ to implement the Paris Agreement of 2015, that commits countries to ensure the earth doesn’t warm 2 degree C beyond pre-industrial levels. In light of COP 24, this issue becomes important.
Key demand of the question
The question expects us to first highlight the urgency of the situation with respect to climate change and the need to act decisively and act quickly. Thereafter, it expects us to discuss the various issues which require finalization so that action can be taken accordingly. We need to provide a forward looking view regarding what can be done to finalize the rule book by 2018.
Comment – When you are asked to comment, you have to pick main points and give your ‘opinion’ on them based on evidences or arguments stemming from your wide reading. Your opinion may be for or against, but you must back your argument with evidences.
Structure of the answer
Introduction – Mention that COP 24 in Poland will strive to iron out a “rule book” to implement the Paris framework.
- Highlight the urgency of the situation by pointing out various reports which have emphasized on the need to act fast and act decisively. The world has already warmed by 1°C since pre-industrial levels, and is likely to reach 1.5°C between 2030 and 2052, in a business-as-usual scenario. That is the level at which significant climate impacts begin to hit large swaths of humanity, particularly climate-vulnerable countries such as India, Bangladesh and the Maldives.
- Highlight the major issues which need finalization – the issue of climate finance , lack of consensus on climate action among the developing and developed countries, technology transfer, guidelines for implementation of the Paris Agreement adopted in 2016.
- Discuss each of these issues in detail detailing what is the hindrance in finalization of the rule book and what more needs to be done
Conclusion – Emphasize on the need to act quickly and discuss the way forward.