Topic:Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation
2) The draft Witness Protection Scheme, 2018, is the first attempt at the national-level to holistically provide for the protection of the witnesses, which will go a long way in eliminating secondary victimisation. Discuss. (250 words)
Why this question
Witness protection is of utmost importance in criminal cases and the need for the same has been long felt in India. In this context it is important to discuss the draft WPS which has been approved recently by the SC and would be soon brought out in the form of a legislation.
Discuss- this is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question. we also have to discuss about the related and important aspects of the question in order to bring out a complete picture of the issue in hand.
Key demand of the question.
The question wants us to write in detail about the draft WPS and its salient provision. We have to write in detail as to how it aims to ensure witness protection.
Structure of the answer
Introduction– write a few introductory lines about the draft WPS. E.g The Supreme Court on Wednesday approved after certain amendments, the Central government’s draft witness protection scheme and asked all the States to implement it till Parliament comes out with legislation;
Discuss about the draft scheme in detail. E.g The scheme, finalised in consultation with the National Legal Services Authority (NALSA) and the Bureau of Police Research and Development (BPRD), has three categories of witnesses based on the threat perception; This scheme attempts at ensuring that witnesses receive appropriate and adequate protection. This will go a long way in strengthening the criminal justice system in the country and will consequently enhance national security scenario; the protection measures are expected to be for a specific duration on need basis which is to be reviewed regularly; The scheme provides for identity protection and giving a new identity to the witness etc.
conclusion– based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.