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6) What do you understand by a dual-use dilemma. Discuss with examples.(250 words)

Topic– Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships.

6) What do you understand by a dual-use dilemma. Discuss with examples.(250 words)


Directive word

Discuss- this is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question. we also have to discuss about the related and important aspects of the question in order to bring out a complete picture of the issue in hand.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to write in detail about the meaning of a dual-use dilemma and give some practical examples to make the meaning of the term more clear.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– Write a few introductory lines about the  dual-use dilemma. E.g The dual-use dilemma occurs when a piece of research or technology can both benefit and harm humanity.


  1. Discuss about the dual-use dilemma in detail. E.g The dual-use dilemma is primarily an ethical dilemma for researchers who have to decide whether the ethical benefits are justified given the risks. It also has implications for those involved in funding research, journalists reporting findings and the public who might be harmed by the consequences of dual-use research; It’s important to note the dual-use dilemma assumes the researcher has no intention to produce something harmful – they only intend to do good. The danger lies in the possibility for other people using their work to do harm. Once the technology is created it can’t be unmade. Who is responsible for the unforeseeable consequences? And should researchers contemplate those consequences before getting started?  etc.
  2. Give some practical examples of such dilemmas being faced by society or you or someone else. E.g give the example of the recent gene-editing exercise conducted by a Chinese researcher etc.

Conclusion– based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.