Topic- Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.
2) The constitution of Central Mental Health Authority (CMHA) is a welcome step but more needs to be done in this direction. Comment.(250 words)
Why this question
The centre has recently constituted the CMHA, as mandated under the Mental Health Care Act, 2017. It is important to understand the structure and functions of the CMHA.
Comment- here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.
Key demand of the question.
The question wants us to express our knowledge and understanding of the CMHA and bring out why it is a welcome step but still more needs to be done in this direction.
Structure of the answer
Introduction– mention that India is a signatory of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, and in this direction it passed the new Mental Health Care Act in 2017.
Mention that Mental Health Care Act in 2017 mandates constitution of CMHA, SMHA and Mental Health Review Boards.
- Discuss about the CMHA in detail. E.g briefly discuss its constitution- officio and in-officio members. Then discuss its primary duties. E.g to monitor and regulate establishment of mental health institutions across the country; registration of clinicians, ensure availability of medication in PHCs; develop quality and service provision norms, train stakeholders etc
- Discuss what more needs to be done in this direction. E.g The success of the CMHA and SMHAs will be in making available appropriate and comprehensive care be it in PHCs, hospitals or in inclusive settings for those with long term needs as mandated by the Act, and in decreasing disability and suffering as a result of mental disorders etc.
Conclusion- based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.