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1) Communities such as that of transgenders warrant special attention from not only the state machinery, but from the society at large. Examine. (250 words)

Topic:Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the
performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the
protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.

1) Communities such as that of transgenders warrant special attention from not only the state machinery, but from the society at large. Examine. (250 words) 

Indian express

Why this question

The article highlights the plights of transgender community and discusses the interventions made to improve their life. It talks about the need for a multi-pronged approach to deal with the issues faced by transgenders.

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to highlight the issues faced by the transgender community, discuss steps taken by judiciary, legislature and executive to improve their status. Thereafter, we need to discuss that the need is not only to bring in legislations etc to protect them but also for the society overall to develop empathy.

Directive word

Examine – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic,  get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any .

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Explain that Transgender people have a gender identity or expression that differs from their assigned sex at birth. They are sometimes also referred to as transsexuals if they desire medical assistance in order to make the transition from one biological sex to another.

Body

  • Bring out the issues faced by transgender people
    • pushed to the margins of society, and have lost the social-cultural position they once enjoyed. Often shunned as a menace to society, they are now only visible on the streets and localities where they are found begging, never as a part of the mainstream.
    • subject to extreme forms of social ostracisation and exclusion from basic dignity and human rights. They remain highly vulnerable to gender-based violence. As a direct result of their acute mistreatment, vilification, ostracisation and dehumanisation, they also remain highly vulnerable to fatal communicable diseases like HIV-AIDS.
  • Discuss the interventions made by the state to improve their status. Discuss this by highlighting the steps taken by the executive, judiciary and legislature.
  • Highlight that it is not enough only for the state to keep taking measures but the need of the hour is die society to now apply the healing touch. Discuss examples of Madhu Kinnar etc who has managed to become a mayor, which reflects the change in attitude.

Conclusion – Summarize the issue and discuss way forward.

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