- Women related issues.
- Social empowerment.
- Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes.
- Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.
- Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.
Gender wage gap highest in India
What to study?
- Static Part: Global Wage Report.
- Dynamic and Current: Findings of the report, concerns, issues and measures necessary.
Context: The International Labour Organization (ILO) has released Global Wage Report 2018-19. As per the report, women are paid the most unequally in India, compared to men, when it comes to hourly wages for labour. On average, women are paid 34% less than men.
Highlights of the report:
- The gender wage gap has remained unchanged at 20% from 2016 to 2017.
- In advanced economies (G20), real wage growth declined from 0.9 per cent in 2016 to 0.4 per cent in 2017, meaning near stagnation. By contrast, in emerging economies and developing G20 countries, real wage growth dipped marginally from 4.9 per cent in 2016 and 4.3 per cent in 2017.
- Inequality is higher in monthly wages, with a gap of 22 per cent.
- Overall, real wages grew just 1.8 per cent globally (136 countries) in 2017.
- In most countries, women and men differ significantly in respect of working time – specifically, that part-time work is more prevalent among women than among men.
The report advocated that emphasis needs to be placed on ensuring equal pay for women and men.
Sources: the hindu.