Topic– Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc.
3) IMD says moderate El Nino Southern Oscillation (ENSO) conditions are currently prevalent in the equatorial Pacific Ocean region and the El Nino is likely to develop in the next two months. What do you understand by El Nino and explain its impact on India’s climate?(250 words)
Why this question
IMD has forecast that El nino like conditions are likely to develop and its impact on India is going to be immense. Hence this question.
Key demand of the question
The question expects us to explain what El Nino is, its formation and impact. Thereafter we need to explain its impact on Indian climate.
Structure of the answer
Introduction – Highlight the forecast of IMD.
Body – Explain what ElNino is, you will also have to explain southern oscillation. Draw a schematic for better explanation. Thereafter, discuss how El Nino impacts the climate of India.
Conclusion – You conclude by discussing how we can be prepared to deal with its impacts.