Topic- Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.
2) Discuss the impact of British rule on India in terms of commercialization of agriculture.(250 words)
Discuss- this is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question. we also have to discuss about the related and important aspects of the question in order to bring out a complete picture of the issue in hand.
Key demand of the question.
The question wants us to write in detail as to how the advent and continuance of British rule impacted commercialization of agriculture in India.
Structure of the answer
Introduction– Write a few introductory lines about the British rule in India. E.g The mass production of goods through machines that we witness today was pioneered through the Industrial Revolution which occurred first in England during the late 18th and the early 19th century. This led to a massive increase in the output of finished products
Discuss in points the impact of British rule in India in terms of commercialization of agriculture. E.g
- Different kinds of commercial crops such as tea, coffee, indigo, opium, cotton, jute, sugarcane and oilseed. were introduced with different intentions. Indian opium was used to balance the trade of Chinese tea with Britain in the latter’s favor; The market for opium was strictly controlled by British traders which did not leave much scope for Indian producers to reap profit. Indians were forced to produce indigo and sell it on the conditions dictated by the Britishers; Commercialisation of agriculture further enhanced the speed of transfer of ownership of land thereby increasing the number of landless laborers. It also brought in a large number of merchants, traders and middlemen who further exploited the situation; There was an enormous drain of wealth from our country to Britain due to the various economic policies. Additional financial burden was placed on India due to expenditures on salaries, pensions and training of military and civilian staffs employed by the British to rule India; Because the peasants now shifted to commercial crops, food grain production went down. So, less food stock led to famines. It was therefore not surprising that the peasants revolted.
Conclusion– based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.