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[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 24 NOVEMBER 2018

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 24 NOVEMBER 2018

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Tomorrow’s Static Topic:  Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.

 


General Studies – 1


Topic – Women related issues

1) Explain the objectives and significance of she-box?(250 words)

pib

Why this question

The Ministry of Women and Child Development has linked SHe-Box, the online portal to report complaints of Sexual Harassment at Workplace, to all the Central Ministries, Departments and 653 districts across 33 States/Union Territories. Since women safety and sexual harassment at workplace have become important issues and a part of public conscience since metoo movement, details of this initiative should be prepared.

Key demand of the question

The question is quite straightforward in its demand. It expects us to explain what she-box is along with its objectives and significance.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Explain why this issue is in news – The Ministry of Women and Child Development has linked SHe-Box, the online portal to report complaints of Sexual Harassment at Workplace, to all the Central Ministries, Departments and 653 districts across 33 States/Union Territories.

Body

  • Explain what she-box is – online complaint management system for registering complaints related to sexual harassment at workplace. It was launched by the Ministry of Women and Child Development. The complaint management system has been developed to ensure the effective implementation of Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Act (the SH Act), 2013.
  • Discuss its objective – faster disposal of complaints, putting in place a framework for effective disposal of sexual harassment cases at workplace.
  • Discuss its significance – portal is an initiative to provide a platform to women working or visiting any office of Central Government (Central Ministries, Departments, Public Sector Undertakings, Autonomous Bodies and Institutions etc.) to file complaints related to sexual harassment at workplace under the SH Act. Those who had already filed a written complaint with the concerned Internal Complaint Committee (ICC) constituted under the SH Act are also eligible to file their complaint through this portal. It is also an effort to provide speedier remedy to women facing sexual harassment at workplace as envisaged under the SH Act.

Conclusion – Emphasize that women safety is a very pertinent issue and give your view on how far this step would be helpful.


General Studies – 2


Topic– Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.

2) The recent act of dissolving of the J&K assembly controverts what has been laid down by the Supreme Court. Comment.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question

The governor of J&K has recently dissolved the legislative assembly citing several grounds. However the grounds put forward are against the various judgements and directions of the SC.

Directive word

Comment- here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.  

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to express our knowledge and understanding of the current political scenario in J&K and form an opinion as to whether the governor has acted along or against the controverts laid down by the SC.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– Give a brief introduction of the recent decision of the J&K governor of dissolving the legislative assembly.

Body-

  1. Discuss the reasons cited by the government in favour of his decision. E.g  “extensive horse trading” and the possibility that a government formed by parties with “opposing political ideologies” would not be stable etc.
  2. Discuss why it goes against the controverts of the SC. E.g the Supreme Court has deprecated such a line of reasoning. In Rameshwar Prasad (2006), the then Bihar Governor Buta Singh’s recommendation for dissolving the Assembly the previous year was held to be illegal and mala fide. In both instances, the dissolution came just as parties opposed to the ruling dispensation at the Centre were close to staking a claim to form the government; Describing such an alliance as opportunistic is fine as far as it is political opinion; however, it cannot be the basis for constitutional action. As indicated in Rameshwar Prasad, a Governor cannot shut out post-poll alliances altogether as one of the ways in which a popular government may be formed. The court had also said unsubstantiated claims of horse-trading or corruption in efforts at government formation cannot be cited as reasons to dissolve the Assembly etc.

Conclusion– based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.


Topic- India and its neighborhood- relations.

3) While INS Arihant makes India’s nuclear deterrence more robust, it also changes deterrence stability in the southern Asian region. Analyze.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question

India recently launched its first nuclear powered submarine, INS Arihant. In this context it is important to analyze the enlarged defence powers gained by deploying INS Arihant and also bring out how the induction changes the stability in the southern Asian region.

Directive word

Analyze-here we  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts, and present them as a whole in a summary.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to bring out the benefits of deploying INS Arihant and any defence lags still left. It also wants us to discuss how the induction of the INS Arihant would alter the security scenario in the south Asian region.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– write a few lines about the recent induction of India’s first nuclear Submarine. E.g INS Arihant, India’s first nuclear ballistic missile submarine that completed its sea patrol earlier this month, will contribute significantly to making India’s deterrence capability more robust.

Body-

  1. Discuss how and to what extent INS Arihant will strengthen India’s defence capabilities. E.g Submarine-based nuclear capability is the most survivable leg of a nuclear triad, and its benefit must be seen especially in the light of the growing naval capabilities of India’s potential adversaries; However its range of 750 km is insufficient to reach key targets in, say, China or Pakistan unless it gets close to their waters, which would then make the Indian SSBN a target; Maintaining a huge nuclear force and its ancillary systems, in particular the naval leg, would eventually prove to be extremely expensive. One way to address the costs would be to reduce the reliance on the air and land legs of the nuclear triad etc.
  2. Discuss how it will affect the power dynamics and future clash of interests in the south Asian region. E.g  it is bound to make the maritime competition in the Indian Ocean region sharper; Pakistan’s reaction to India’s response to China would be to speed up its submarine-building spree, with assistance from Beijing. Add to this mix China’s mega infrastructure project, the Belt and Road Initiative, with its ambitious maritime objectives; and the revival of the Quadrilateral Security Dialogue, or Quad, with India, U.S., Japan, and Australia; This sharpening of the maritime competition further engenders several regional ‘security dilemmas’ wherein what a state does to secure itself could end up making it more insecure etc

Conclusion– based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.


Topic- Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

4) Swachh Bharat has unleashed a social revolution in India. Examine the factors responsible for the success of the programme.(250 words)

Indian express

Directive word

Examine- here we have to probe deeper into the topic,  get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to dig deep into the achievements of SBM and bring out the reasons or factors that made various achievements under SBM possible.

Structure of the answer

Introduction- write a few introductory lines about the  SBM- e.g mention its objectives.

Body-

  1. Briefly highlight the achievements under the SBM. E.g. in 2014 as many as 550 million Indians defecate in the open and the cumulative sanitation coverage in rural India was just over 38 per cent.Today, rural India’s sanitation coverage is over 96 per cent. Over 450 million  people have stopped defecating in the open in a short period of four years; mention the no. of toilets constructed under SBM; mention the health benefits of improved sanitation etc
  2. Discuss in points the factors behind the success and achievements under SBM. E.g
  • Political push.
  • Public finance
  • Partnerships
  • Participation

Conclusion- based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.


Topic – Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

5) Discuss the key features of and Significance of Allied and Healthcare Professionals (A&HPs) Bill and the challenges faced by Allied and Healthcare Professionals?(250 words)

Livemint

Why this question

The Union Cabinet has approved the Allied and Healthcare Professions Bill, 2018 for regulation and standardisation of education and services by allied and healthcare professionals. Hence knowing it’s details is important for mains.

Key demand of the question

The question is quite straightforward in its demand. It expects us to bring out the key features of the bill, discuss why it has been brought and the challenge faced by allied and healthcare professionals. We have to draw a linkage between the challenges faced and how the bill proposes to alleviate those challenges.

Directive word

Discuss – Here your discussion should be centred around the key demand of the question.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Highlight why this question is in news.

Body – Discuss the key features of the bill. Thereafter, discuss the impact that the bill is likely to have.

  • Bring all existing allied and healthcare professionals on board during the first few of years from the date of establishment of the Council.
  • Opportunity to create qualified, highly skilled and competent jobs in healthcare by enabling professionalism of the allied  and healthcare workforce.
  • High quality, multidisciplinary care in line with the vision of AyushmanBharat, moving away from a ‘doctor led’ model to a ‘care accessible and team based’ model.
  • Opportunity to cater to the global demand (shortage) of healthcare workforce which is projected to be about 15 million by the year 2030, asper the WHO Global Workforce, 2030 report.

Thereafter, highlight the challenges faced by such professionals which would explain the need for the bill.

Conclusion – Highlight that though such professionals have existed for long, considerable gap in the allied and healthcare space is because of a lack of a comprehensive regulatory framework and absence of standards for education and training of A&HPs, which the bill will take care of.


Topic – Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests

6) US China trade war had wider ramifications, particularly for ASEAN. Analyze and also examine how India is affected?(250 words)

Reference

Why this question

East Asia summit has recently concluded which brought to the fore tensions in ASEAN with regards to the ongoing trade war between USA and China and how this would eventually force them to take sides. This region is one of the most dynamic region with indo Pacific having wider strategic significance. Hence the impact of this ongoing rivalry and India’s dilemmas and constraints need to be understood.

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to first mention in brief about the trade conflict and the direct geo economic impact it is having. Thereafter, we need to bring out the wider geopolitical and geostrategic ramifications, especially in ASEAN and Asia Pacific region. Next we need to discuss how this affects India. Finally we need to provide a way forward.

Directive word

Analyze – When asked to analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Examine – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic,  get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any .

Structure of the answer

Introduction – explain about the trade war and highlight it’s economic impact and the rise of protectionism.

Body

  • Highlight the wider ramifications of the trade war – trade tensions are a manifestation of the strategic competition between the two countries. US steps to limit technology transfers to China through legislation, such as the Foreign Investment Risk Review Modernisation Act (FIRRMA), will set the tone for the relationship regardless of trade deals.
  • Explain the position that it puts the Asean countries into, and how it brings into focus the fault lines within Asean. Also explain that all these nations have economic stakes and interest in indo Pacific.
  • Highlight that India is also impacted due to its own interests as well as the role that Asean countries expect India to play.

Conclusion – explain how India should act in this situation.


General Studies – 4


Topic–   Part of static series under the heading – “social influence and persuasion”

7) Social influence and persuasion have become imperative measures to ensure behavioural change through public policy. Evaluate.(250 words)

 

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to explain what public policy entails and how public policy takes use of social influence and persuasion to effect behavioral change. We need to give examples to explain our point.

Directive word

Evaluate – When you are asked to evaluate, you have to pass a sound judgement about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidences.  You have to appraise the worth of the statement in question. There is scope for forming a personal opinion here.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Explain what public policy entails – Public policy is a dynamic mechanism where the government addresses public problems and counters them by reforming existing policy.

Body – Discuss that for effective implementation of policy, citizen participation is required. Explain what social influence and persuasion is and how it helps in convincing people to work towards collective good. We can give examples of how policies for improving sanitation, nutrition etc take into account behavioral change. Explain that social influence and persuasion are used to appeal to a person’s attitude, behavior and cognition. You can also discuss Dr. Robert Cialdini’s six principles of persuasion which act as universal guide to human behavior which are: reciprocity, scarcity, authority, consistency, liking and consensus.

Conclusion – Emphasize on the important role played by social influence and persuasion to ensure behavioral change through public policy.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

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