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Government of India to observe the remembrance of 100 years of the historical Jallianwalla Bagh massacre

Topics Covered:

  1. Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present

 

Government of India to observe the remembrance of 100 years of the historical Jallianwalla Bagh massacre

 

What to Study?

  • Static: Jallianwalla Bagh Massacre timeline and who is responsible for it. The day is remembered as?
  • Dynamic and Current: Ministry of Culture and Ministry of Tourism initiatives.

Government of India has decided to mark the remembrance of 100 years of the historical Jallianwalla Bagh Massacre next year.

A number of commemorative as well as constructive activities will be taken up during the remembrance period.

Coin and Postage Stamps:

The commemorative coin and postage stamps will be released on 13th April 2019 (the day the incident took place 100 years ago).

Ministry of Culture will organize cultural activities like kavi sammelan, plays, exhibition, seminars, etc. across the country.

A Committee is constituted to ensure timely implementation to Renovate, upgrade and beautify the Jallianwalla Bagh Memorial, and Develop Virtual Reality Theme Based show at the Memorial.

Development of Virtual Reality Theme Based show:

  • The Ministry of Tourism earmarked an amount of Rs. 8 crore under Swadesh Darshan Scheme for development of Virtual Reality Theme Based show at the Memorial.
  • The Ministry of Culture will provide additional funds, if needed.

Background:

  • It is also known as the Amritsar Massacre (dated April 13, 1919) at Jallianwala Bagh, Amritsar, Punjab.
  • On 13th April 1919, thousands of people were gathered at Jallianwala Bagh. This day marks the beginning of New Year for the Sikhs, also celebrated as Baisakhi festival all over Punjab.
  • Colonel Reginald Dyer had announced curfew and a ban on all processions that even prohibited a group of 4 or more people to meet publicly. However, General Dyer sensed the number of people present there and the secret meeting that was about to take place. Thus, he arrived with armed troops and ordered to open fire.
  • The troops were ordered to start shooting; this heinous act of violence resulted in extreme mass killing.
  • To keep in mind this significance of this place, a trust was founded in 1920 to build a memorial site at Jallianwala Bagh. American architect, Benjamin Polk, built the memorial site which was inaugurated by the then President of India, Rajendra Prasad on 13 April 1961.

Source: PIB