Topic – Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests
6) US China trade war had wider ramifications, particularly for ASEAN. Analyze and also examine how India is affected?(250 words)
Why this question
East Asia summit has recently concluded which brought to the fore tensions in ASEAN with regards to the ongoing trade war between USA and China and how this would eventually force them to take sides. This region is one of the most dynamic region with indo Pacific having wider strategic significance. Hence the impact of this ongoing rivalry and India’s dilemmas and constraints need to be understood.
Key demand of the question
The question expects us to first mention in brief about the trade conflict and the direct geo economic impact it is having. Thereafter, we need to bring out the wider geopolitical and geostrategic ramifications, especially in ASEAN and Asia Pacific region. Next we need to discuss how this affects India. Finally we need to provide a way forward.
Analyze – When asked to analyze, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.
Examine – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic, get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any .
Structure of the answer
Introduction – explain about the trade war and highlight it’s economic impact and the rise of protectionism.
- Highlight the wider ramifications of the trade war – trade tensions are a manifestation of the strategic competition between the two countries. US steps to limit technology transfers to China through legislation, such as the Foreign Investment Risk Review Modernisation Act (FIRRMA), will set the tone for the relationship regardless of trade deals.
- Explain the position that it puts the Asean countries into, and how it brings into focus the fault lines within Asean. Also explain that all these nations have economic stakes and interest in indo Pacific.
- Highlight that India is also impacted due to its own interests as well as the role that Asean countries expect India to play.
Conclusion – explain how India should act in this situation.