Topic- India and its neighborhood- relations.
3) While INS Arihant makes India’s nuclear deterrence more robust, it also changes deterrence stability in the southern Asian region. Analyze.(250 words)
Why this question
India recently launched its first nuclear powered submarine, INS Arihant. In this context it is important to analyze the enlarged defence powers gained by deploying INS Arihant and also bring out how the induction changes the stability in the southern Asian region.
Analyze-here we have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts, and present them as a whole in a summary.
Key demand of the question.
The question wants us to bring out the benefits of deploying INS Arihant and any defence lags still left. It also wants us to discuss how the induction of the INS Arihant would alter the security scenario in the south Asian region.
Structure of the answer
Introduction– write a few lines about the recent induction of India’s first nuclear Submarine. E.g INS Arihant, India’s first nuclear ballistic missile submarine that completed its sea patrol earlier this month, will contribute significantly to making India’s deterrence capability more robust.
- Discuss how and to what extent INS Arihant will strengthen India’s defence capabilities. E.g Submarine-based nuclear capability is the most survivable leg of a nuclear triad, and its benefit must be seen especially in the light of the growing naval capabilities of India’s potential adversaries; However its range of 750 km is insufficient to reach key targets in, say, China or Pakistan unless it gets close to their waters, which would then make the Indian SSBN a target; Maintaining a huge nuclear force and its ancillary systems, in particular the naval leg, would eventually prove to be extremely expensive. One way to address the costs would be to reduce the reliance on the air and land legs of the nuclear triad etc.
- Discuss how it will affect the power dynamics and future clash of interests in the south Asian region. E.g it is bound to make the maritime competition in the Indian Ocean region sharper; Pakistan’s reaction to India’s response to China would be to speed up its submarine-building spree, with assistance from Beijing. Add to this mix China’s mega infrastructure project, the Belt and Road Initiative, with its ambitious maritime objectives; and the revival of the Quadrilateral Security Dialogue, or Quad, with India, U.S., Japan, and Australia; This sharpening of the maritime competition further engenders several regional ‘security dilemmas’ wherein what a state does to secure itself could end up making it more insecure etc
Conclusion– based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.