Topic: Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.
World Fisheries Day
What to study?
For Prelims and Mains: Significance, objectives of World Fisheries Day.
Context: World Fisheries Day is celebrated on November 21st every year to highlight the importance of healthy oceans ecosystems and to ensure sustainable stocks of fisheries in the world.
Fisheries in India
- Fisheries is an important sector in India that provides employment to millions of people apart from contributing to the food security of the country.
- India has over 8,000 km of coastline, and an Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) of over 2 million sq km, and extensive freshwater resources. Thus, fisheries play a vital role in the economy of the country with the practice contributing about 1.07 per cent to the GDP (Gross Domestic Product).
- Fisheries in India makes up to 5.3 per cent to agriculture and allied activities.
Inland fisheries is also a vital part of fisheries in India. India’s freshwater resources consist of:
- Rivers and canals (197,024 km).
- Reservoirs (3.15 million hectares).
- Ponds and tanks (235 million hectares).
- Oxbow lakes and derelict waters (1.3 million hectares).
- Brackishwaters (1.24 million hectares) and estuaries (0.29 million hectares).
- The inland capture fish production has increased from 192,000 tonnes in 1950 to 781,846 tonnes in 2007.