Topic– Indian Agriculture : Issues
5) The agriculture sector is changing rapidly and requires proactive policy management to be able to maximize benefits for all stakeholders. Discuss.(250 words)
Why this question
Agricultural sector is under stresses of various kinds both due to natural reasons as well as due to policy issues. This article gives a general sense of the major policy challenges before the agriculture sector and the need for proactive policies to ensure overall benefit for such a critical sector of the economy. This question would help you revise your general concepts with respect to the contemporary issues facing agricultural sector.
Key demand of the question
The question expects us to discuss the challenges facing agricultural sector and explain why the age old policy approach in agricultural sector needs some changes. We need to explain the nature of policy changes required and why they would be beneficial.
Discuss – here your discussion should bring out the challenges facing agricultural sector and debate the nature or policy changes that are required.
Structure of the answer
Introduction – explain how significant agriculture sector is for the economy and the status quo of the sector.
- Explain the challenges facing the sector – natural issues caused droughts etc, and issues related to such as the problems facing marketing of agricultural produce, price discovery of agricultural produce, issues due to MSP, the supply demand mismatch such as in the case of pulses etc
- Thereafter, we need to explain the current efforts that are being taken such as restricting exports, e-NAM etc.
- Explain the reasons why such reforms are unable to address the issues and what more needs to be done
Conclusion – Explain how crucial the sector is for India and discuss the way forward.