Topic – economics of animal-rearing.
4) Blue Revolution aims at doubling the income of farmers in India but it faces several challenges. DIscuss. Also Discuss the steps taken by the government in this direction in recent years.(250 words)
Why this question
The Blue Revolution envisages transformation of the fisheries sector with increased investment, better training and development of infrastructure. It is an important part of the efforts of the govt. To double the farmers’ income by 2022. It is important to discuss the efforts of the govt in this regard and the challenges faced thereto.
Discuss- this is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question. we also have to discuss about the related and important aspects of the question in order to bring out a complete picture of the issue in hand.
Key demand of the question.
The question wants us to write in detail about the challenges in the way of realizing a blue revolution in India. It also wants us to write in detail about the steps taken by the government in this direction in recent years.
Structure of the answer
Introduction– write a few introductory lines about the size and potential of India’s aquaculture industry. E.g India has large natural resources, and water bodies such as reservoirs, lakes and ponds, in addition to an 8,118km-long coastline. So it is well positioned to have a Blue Revolution. Blue Revolution will focus on construction of new fishing harbours, modernization of fishing boats, imparting training to fishermen, and above all promote fishing as a self-employment activity.
- Discuss the challenges faced by the sector. E.gresource quality issues; socio-economic issues around the resources; and techno-managerial issues connected with the production of fish; The resource quality issues pertain mainly to the length of time for which adequate water would be standing in a waterbody, alternate demands on the same waterbody and water quality problems resulting from these alternate demands; Socio-economic issues pertain to usufruct rights over the waterbodies; security and length of tenancy when these are leased; and poaching of fish; Techno-managerial issues pertain to the availability of spawn, seedlings and fingerlings on time, availability of necessary feed and medicines, access to markets and working capital etc
- Discuss the steps taken by the govt. E.g Realizing the immense scope for development of fisheries and aquaculture, the Government of India has restructured the Central Plan Scheme under an umbrella of Blue Revolution. The restructured Central Sector Scheme on Blue Revolution: Integrated Development and Management of Fisheries (CSS) approved by the Government provides for a focused development and management of the fisheries sector to increase both fish production and fish productivity from aquaculture and fisheries resources of the inland and marine fisheries sector including deep sea fishing; To give boost to the sector in recent years. E.g the present government released Rs. 64.32 crore during 2014-15 to 2018-19 as compared to Rs. 4.95 crore given during 2009-10 to 2013-14. Apart from this, as part of Prime Minister special package to Bihar, the fisheries sector was sanctioned Rs 279.55 crore under which the first installment of Centre’s share of Rs. 40.79 crore has been released.iit has been targeted to enhance the fish production from 107.95 lakh tonnes in 2015-16 to about 150 lakh tonnes by the end of the financial year 2019-20. It is also expected to augment the export earnings with a focus on increased benefit flow to the fishers and fish farmers to attain the target of doubling their income.
Conclusion– based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.