Topic – Indian economy : Issues related to employment.
3) What do you think are the major challenges related to employment in India? Analyze the reforms brought by the government to address the issue of informalization of workforce ?(250 words)
Why this question
The article discusses the major challenges with respect to employment of people and principles through which the government has tried to deal with this situation. Since employment is such a burning issue, this article will help us become aware of the major areas where work is needed going forward especially when it comes to informalization of workforce.
Key demand of the question
The question expects to us to first give a general picture of the status quo with respect to employment. Post that, we need to discuss the major challenges with respect to employment. Once we bring out the challenges, we need to explain the steps taken by the government to address the issue of informalization of workforce and bring out the pros and cons of the impact it has had.
Analyze – When asked to analyze, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.
Structure of the answer
Introduction – Explain with the help of data etc that employment is a major challenge facing India.
- Bring out the various challenges with respect to employment – the sheer number of the jobs that have to be created; issues of job security and social security; informalization of workforce etc
- Explain the steps taken by the government to address the situation – efforts have been taken to promote formalisation and also the provision of social security to those remaining in the informal sector through steps such as fixed term contract employment , reducing the compliance cost for companies etc
- Bring out the impact that such steps have had and what more needs to be done
Conclusion – give your view on how effective these steps have been and the way forward.