3) Peace remains elusive but India’s engagement demonstrates commitment to the idea of a stable, independent and peaceful Afghanistan. Comment.(250 words)

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Topic–  India and its neighborhood- relations.

3) Peace remains elusive but India’s engagement demonstrates commitment to the idea of a stable, independent and peaceful Afghanistan. Comment.(250 words)

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Directive word

Comment- here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to express our knowledge and understanding of the situation in Afghanistan at present and demonstrate that peace still remains elusive in Afghanistan. It also wants us to bring out India’s  role in Afghanistan and its pursuit for peace and development in the region.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – write a few lines about the India’s engagement with the multiple processes underway on Afghan reconciliation. E.g In a reconciliation process between the Taliban and the Afghan authorities, India was present at the meeting, making it the first time that all stakeholders were present in the same room.

BODY

  1. Discuss as to why peace remains elusive in Afghanistan. E.g The Afghan government controls barely half the country, with one-sixth under Taliban control and the rest contested. Most significant is the ongoing depletion in the Afghan security forces because of casualties, desertions and a growing reluctance to join; The Afghan war has already become the longest war in US history. With the passage of time, the conflict has not only become more intense – it has also become more complicated; The major challenge is the cooperation of regional players. Peace in Afghanistan and the wider region can only be achieved through a multilateral mechanism involving the US as well as major regional players, including Pakistan, Russia, Iran, China, India and Saudi Arabia. But in the end, it will be the dialogue among Afghans themselves which will determine the political future of their war-torn Afghanistan etc.
  2. Discuss India’s role in Afghanistan e.g India was the only South Asian country to recognize the Soviet-backed Democratic Republic of Afghanistan in the 1980s, its relations were diminished during the 1990s Afghan civil war and the Taliban government. India aided the overthrow of the Taliban and became the largest regional provider of humanitarian and reconstruction aid to Afghanistan; India is the biggest regional donor to Afghanistan and fifth largest donor globally with over $3 billion in assistance. India has built over 200 public and private schools, sponsors scholarships and hosts Afghan students; Build Afghan Parliament building; Salma dam etc

Conclusion – Based on your discussion form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.