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[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 16 NOVEMBER 2018

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 16 NOVEMBER 2018

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INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2019: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 

Tomorrow’s Static Topic: Infrastructure


General Studies – 2


Topic-  Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s
interests

1) Examine the significance of ASEAN for India’s economic, geo-strategic and security imperatives?(250 words)

Reference

Why this question

Prime Minister Narendra Modi is in Singapore this week to attend the East Asia Summit, ASEAN-India informal meet and the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) Summit. In the backdrop of this visit, Asean would come in news again and its significance for India. Hence this question.

Key demand of the question

The question is quite straightforward in its demand and expects us to bring out the economic, geo-strategic and security significance of Asean for India.

Directive word

Examine – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic,  get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any .

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Explain about Asean and about the recent meet which is why the topic is in news.

Body

  • Explain the economic significance of Asean for India – India is part of Asean led RCEP, high quantum of two way trade etc
  • Explain the geostrategic significance – curb Chinese presence in Indo Pacific, regional connectivity projects such as kaladan multimodal highway etc
  • Explain the security imperative such as curbing terror financing, cybersecurity, joint military exercises etc

Conclusion – Give your view on India’s relationship with Asean and discuss way forward.


Topic -Issues related to poverty and hunger

2) There is very poor correlation between economic development or agrarian plenty with lower malnutrition. Discuss then what solution should India employ to tackle the problem?(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question

Malnutrition is a persistent problem for India and is often in news. This article explains that economic development or greater food production is not the solution for malnutrition and discusses alternatives. This question would help you develop a deeper understanding of the issue.

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to explain why economic growth or greater food production are not exactly the cure for malnutrition. Thereafter, we need to discuss the reasons behind the problem and discuss ways in which such problems can be resolved.

Directive word

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Highlight India’s position on the global hunger index to explain the magnitude of the problem.

Body

  • With the help of examples of Indian states show that neither economic development nor greater food production benefits. Highlight the reasons because the most vulnerable section, the tribals suffer from the problem of malnutrition
  • Explain the issues why this problem persists – lack of variety in food intake, poor government service delivery , problems with ICDS scheme etc
  • Discuss the way forward – An inclusive and holistic approach, including controlling/regulating food price, strengthening the public distribution system (PDS) and income support policies for making food cheaper are important steps.

Conclusion – Mention that the persistence of this problem is a matter of great shame for India and needs urgent attention and resolution.


Topic–  e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential;

3) More than a transformation of style of government administration into a digital form, E-governance also signifies the transformation of the relationship between public sectors and the private citizens and businesses. Comment.(250 words)

Reference

Why this question

E-governance has been sought worldover, although variably, in order to bring transparency and efficiency in the governance. The concept has received considerable importance in India. It is essential to discuss how e-governance signifies the transformation of the relationship between public sectors and the private citizens and businesses.

Directive word

Discuss- this is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question. we also have to discuss about the related and important aspects of the question in order to bring out a complete picture of the issue in hand.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to write in detail about the e-governance and how it is more than  merely digitizing the processes of the government; how it is different from simple e-government and what are the objectives and values it espouses.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– write a few introductory lines about the  meaning of e-governance. E.g It can be simply defined as the public sectors’ use of Information Communication Technologies (ICTs including the world-wide-web, mobile devises, digital content, etc.) to improve and enhance the efficiency and effectiveness of the delivery of information and services to citizens, businesses and organizations.

Body-

  1. Discuss the concept of e-government. E.g The term E-government is used in a more limited sense of use of ICTs in internal operations of running a government to facilitate inter and intra departmental workflows.
  2. Discuss how e-governance is more than simple e-government and mere digitization of government processes. E.g it facilitates the access to the governing processes and encourages active participation of citizens; The objective of the use of ICTs in governance is not just limited to achieving efficiency but also various values of good governance like improving citizen participation, enabling easy access to critical information and offering public services online;  interactive dissemination of laws, improving access to justice, achieving transparency, E-democracy in law making and rule of law etc.

Conclusion– sum up your discussion in a few lines and form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the above issue.


Topic– e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential;

4) What are the challenges faced by e-governance. Discuss with special reference to India.(250 words)

Reference

Directive word

Discuss- this is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question. we also have to discuss about the related and important aspects of the question in order to bring out a complete picture of the issue in hand.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to write in detail about the challenges and problems faced by the e-governance with a special emphasis on India.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– write a few introductory lines about the  increasing adoption of ICT technologies, increased digital literacy and increasing online presence of the citizens- turning into netizens, which makes adoption of e-governance more feasible and desirable.

Body-

Discuss in points the challenges faced by e-governance mechanisms and institution. Place more emphasis on Indian conditions. E.g

  • Hacking
  • Defamatory  communications
  • Loss of data and intellectual property
  • Vulnerability to computer viruses, online threats
  • Exposure to e-frauds
  • Privacy risks

Discuss some India specific concerns. E.g poor digital literacy among the vast sections of the rural and urban poor; poor data protection and cyber security structures and mechanisms in place; lack of indigenous servers and higher risks to privacy etc.

Conclusion- based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.


General Studies – 3


Topic – Part of static series under the heading – Infrastructure

5) Discuss the impact of GST on infrastructure sector. Suggest measures to be taken by the government to boost growth in infrastructure sector in India.(250 words)

 

Key demand of the question

The question is quite straightforward in its demand. It expects us to discuss the pros and cons of GST on infrastructure sector and list out the steps taken by government to boost the sector

Directive word

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – mention that Infrastructure is the backbone of Indian economy with total infrastructure spending is expected to be about 10% of GDP.

Body

  • Explain how would GST impact the infrastructure sector. Bring out the pros and cons
  • Pros
    • No more cascading burden of taxes
    • Valuation of goods and services in works contracts would now be put to rest as works contracts would be regarded as supply of services.
    • expected to enable a reduction in logistics cost by as much as 20 per cent to 30 per cent, as firms reconfigure their supply chains
  • Cons
    • Exemptions and concessions to infrastructure have been completely withdrawn. This could also lead to increased working capital requirements.
    • Electricity being outside the purview of GST, power generation companies would continue to have indirect taxes as a significant cost factor.
  • Measures taken by the govt to boost infrastructure sector such as Kelkar committee recommendations etc

Conclusion – Mention that India needs to develop a better regulatory mechanism, a rational pricing system, reform financial markets and strengthen dispute resolution mechanisms so that the private sector finds infrastructure projects economically feasible.


Topic–  Part of static series under the heading – “infrastructure : airports”

6) Examine the developments of Airports in India through Joint Ventures under Public-Private Partnership(PPP) model. What are the challenges faced by the authorities in this regard?(250 words)

 

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to discuss the evolution of PPP in airport sector, explain tb issues involved therein and challenges faced. Finally we need to highlight the way forward.

Directive word

Examine – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic,  get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any .

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Write about importance of airports and general development through PPP

Body

  • Highlight that the privatization of Indian airports was set in motion way back in 1999, when a greenfield airport was
    set up in Cochin under the PPP route. Followed by airports of Bangalore and Hyderabad in 2004.In 2006, the aviation ministry signed concession agreements with GMR and GVK for expansion and
    modernization of New Delhi and Mumbai international airports. Thereafter, the privatization process was grounded following global economic slowdown, opposition by AAI employees, etc
  • Explain that Even though the privatization route has allowed development of efficient world class airports in India
    and has fueled the growth of air traffic in India, not all are in favor of it. Especially employees of AAI, who fear losing their jobs when private developers take over.
  • Discuss the challenges faced by the authority such as increased charges at airport, issues in concessionaire agreements etc

Conclusion – Mention that government in budget has launched Nabh Nirman scheme for development of airport, wherein the issues discussed above need to be resolved.


Topic– Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

7) Infrastructure development has witnessed significant  impetus in India in the recent years. Discuss. (250 words)

Reference

Why this question

Indian needs a huge corpus of investment in order to cope up for its infrastructure deficits. The sector has witnessed moderate growth recently and the government has also initiated various steps to boost investment in infrastructure sector.

Directive word

Discuss- this is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question. we also have to discuss about the related and important aspects of the question in order to bring out a complete picture of the issue in hand.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to write in detail about the status of infrastructure growth in India and bring out in detail the impetus received by the sector recently.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– write a few introductory lines about India’s infrastructure sector- Infrastructure sector is a key driver for the Indian economy. The sector is highly responsible for propelling India’s overall development and enjoys intense focus from Government for initiating policies that would ensure time-bound creation of world class infrastructure in the country. Infrastructure sector includes power, bridges, dams, roads and urban infrastructure development. I

Body-

Discuss the impetus received by the sector in recent years. E.g  In 2016, India jumped 19 places in World Bank’s Logistics Performance Index (LPI) 2016, to rank 35th amongst 160 countries; Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) received in Construction Development sector (townships, housing, built up infrastructure and construction development projects) from April 2000 to June 2018 stood at US$ 24.87 billion, according to the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP). The logistics sector in India is growing 10 per cent annually and is expected to reach US$ 215 billion in 2019-20; the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) has announced US$ 200 million investment into the National Investment & Infrastructure Fund (NIIF); Massive push to the infrastructure sector by allocating Rs 5.97 lakh crore (US$ 92.22 billion) for the sector, in budget 2018-19; mention about some of the major infrastructure development projects in the country like the Sahaj Bijli Har Ghar Yojana (Saubhagya) scheme, which  aims to achieve universal household electrification in the country; Green Energy Corridor Project along with other wind and solar power projects; smart cities mission; Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana etc.

Conclusion- based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.


General Studies – 4


Topic– Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators

8) “Falsehood takes the place of truth when it results in unblemished common good.”–Thirukkural. What do you understand by the above statement. Comment.(250 words)

Reference

Reference

Directive word

Comment- here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.  

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to express our opinion on the given statement- whether or not falsehood takes the place of truth when it results in unblemished common good. We have to bring out the essence of the statement and relate it to a practical example in order to make the meaning clearer.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– write a few introductory lines about the  virtue of being truthful. E.g Being truthful means a strict adherence to a policy of honesty and openness etc.

Body-

Discuss the importance of being truthful and the benefits it brings along with it. E.g how it impacts our image in terms our integrity, trustworthiness, courage and justice even in the face of adversaries;  etc.

Discuss how even falsehood is better than truth if it results in some unblemished common good. E.g one can tell a truth in situations where telling a truth could bring gloom, create chaos or hurt somebody etc; it relates to the principle of consequentialism which professes a pursuit of noble ends without much concerns for the means so employed.

Relate the importance of being untruthful by creating some hypothetical examples and to make your stand more clear.

Conclusion- based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

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