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5) Man animal conflict is an issue that demands urgent attention. We need to find the right policy and regulatory mix to reflect that realization. Examine.(250 words)

Topic–  Conservation

5) Man animal conflict is an issue that demands urgent attention. We need to find the right policy and regulatory mix to reflect that realization. Examine.(250 words)

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Why this question

This article talks about the often neglected issue of man animal conflict and establishes that it is a problem which requires immediate attention. The article also talks about the lacunae in the legislations and policies and what the way forward should be. In the backdrop of Avni case, this issue needs to be prepared.

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to first explain why man animal conflict is an issue that requires urgent attention. Next, we need to highlight the legislative steps and policy decisions taken to prevent such man animal conflict. We have to bring out the lacunae in the existing mechanisms and suggest what is the right policy and regulatory mix to reduce man animal conflict.

Directive word

Examine – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic,  get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any .

Structure of the answer

Introduction – highlight why the issue of man animal conflict is in news

Body

  • Bring out the seriousness of the problem and the fact that it impacts the vulnerable section the most. Explain that it is the negative externally of the kind of developmental model followed
  • Discuss the criticism of WPA, 1972 which is that the model of conservation enshrined in the WLPA is premised on creating human-free zones for the protection of rare species based on the erroneous notion that local people are the prime drivers of wildlife decline. This approach has been successful in protecting certain species, not all species
  • Discuss what is the right mix of policy and regulations which would enable the prevention of man animal conflict. Discuss the changes being thought of national forest policy and community management as envisaged in forest rights act.

Conclusion – Comment on the need to solve this issue as it is only likely to grow in future and discuss way forward.

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