Topic- Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.
2) Discuss the objectives and achievements of Integrated Disease Surveillance Programme in India.(250 words)
Why this question
The recent outbreak of Zika Virus disease points out the importance of epidemiological measures in order to prevent major disease outbreaks in the country. In this context it is important to discuss about one of the most vital epidemiological surveillance programmes in India.
Discuss- this is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question. we also have to discuss about the related and important aspects of the question in order to bring out a complete picture of the issue in hand.
Key demand of the question.
The question wants us to write in detail about the IDSP- its objectives and its key achievements.
Structure of the answer
Introduction- write a few introductory lines about the IDSP. e.g IDSP was launched in 2004 for a period upto March 2010. The project was restructured and extended up to 2012. The project continues in the 12th Plan with domestic budget as Integrated Disease Surveillance Programme under NHM for all States.
- Discuss the objectives of IDSP. e.g To strengthen/maintain decentralized laboratory based IT enabled disease surveillance system for epidemic prone diseases to monitor disease trends and to detect and respond to outbreaks in early rising phase through trained Rapid Response Team (RRTs).
- Discuss the achievements of IDSP. e.g Surveillance units have been established at all States and District Headquarters (SSUs, DSUs). Central surveillance Unit (CSU) is established and integrated in the National Centre for Disease Control; IT network has been established by connecting all States /Districts HQ and premier institutes in the country for data entry training, video conferencing and outbreak discussion; A portal under IDSP has been established for data entry and analysis, to report outbreaks and to download reports, training modules and other material related to disease surveillance; On an average 30 outbreaks are reported every week by the States to CSU;The weekly outbreak report generated by the CSU is shared with all key stakeholders including the Prime Minister’s Office. This is significant because it indicates the paradigm shift in the outbreak reporting attitude (from the traditional reluctance to report outbreaks to one that encourages outbreak reporting and response) enabled by the project etc.
Conclusion– based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue. E.g IDS has given a positive impetus to integration of surveillance functions primarily for epidemic prone diseases and decentralized symptoms-based detection of early warning signals of outbreaks at primary health care level.