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[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 07 NOVEMBER 2018

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 07 NOVEMBER 2018

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Tomorrow’s Static Topic:  Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies


General Studies – 1


Topic– Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues

1) Discuss the contribution of Raja Ram Mohan Roy towards the Indian society.(250 words)

The hindu

Reference

Directive word

Discuss- this is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question. we also have to discuss about the related and important aspects of the question in order to bring out a complete picture of the issue in hand.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to write in detail about the contribution of Raja Ram Mohan Roy towards the Indian society. We have to be as exhaustive as possible, within the prescribed word limit.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– write a few introductory lines about Raja Ram Mohan Roy- his birth and mention that he is considered the first modern man of India.

Body-

Discuss the contribution of Raja Ram Mohan Roy towards Indian society. E.g Raja Ram Mohan Roy is considered as the pioneer of modern Indian Renaissance for the remarkable reforms he brought in the 18th and 19th century India. Among his efforts, the abolition of the brutal and inhuman Sati Pratha was the most prominent. His efforts were also instrumental in eradicating the purdah system and child marriage. In 1828, Ram Mohan Roy formed the Brahmo Samaj, uniting the Brahmos in Calcutta, a group of people, who had no faith in idol-worship and were against the caste restrictions; He advocated the introduction of an English Education System in the country teaching scientific subjects like Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry and even Botany. He paved the way to revolutionizing education system in India by establishing Hindu College in 1817 along with David Hare which later went on to become one of the best educational institutions in the country producing some of the best minds in India. His efforts to combine true to the roots theological doctrines along with modern rational lessons saw him establish the Anglo-Vedic School in 1822 followed by the Vedanta College in 1826; Ram Mohan Roy was a staunch supporter of free speech and expression. He fought for the rights of vernacular press. He also brought out a newspaper in Persian called ‘Mirat ul Akhbar’ (the Mirror of News) and a Bengali weekly called ‘Sambad Kaumudi’ (the Moon of Intelligence). Etc.

Conclusion– based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.


General Studies – 2


TopicStatutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies.

2) What are the objectives of National Green Tribunal. Also, discuss the challenges and constraints faced by the organization in fulfilling its objectives.(250 words)

Reference

Why this question

NGT is an important statutory body with a wide and extensive mandate of protecting and preserving the environment at the national level. With increasing environmental degradation and climate change the importance of the organization increases manifold.

Directive word

Discuss- this is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question. we also have to discuss about the related and important aspects of the question in order to bring out a complete picture of the issue in hand.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to write in detail about the objectives of NGT. It then wants us to discuss in detail about the challenges and constraints faced by the organization in fulfilling its objectives.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– write a few introductory lines about the  NGT. e.g the National Green Tribunal was established in 2010 under the National Green Tribunal Act 2010 etc.

Body-

  1. Discuss  the stated objectives of NGT. e.g
  • To provide effective and expeditious disposal of cases relating to environmental protection and conservation of forests and other natural resources including enforcement of any legal right relating to the environment.
  • Giving relief and compensation for damages to persons and property
  • And other related matters.
  1. Discuss the challenges and constraints faced by the organization in fulfilling its objectives. E.g There is the lack proper infrastructure as it functions from two different premises; delay in appointments of members; The number of environmental cases has been on the rise but due to lack of benches and infrastructure, the body is unable to pronounce its judgment on time; Despite various proactive support being taken by the tribunal the pollution levels has been continuously rising over the years. This is due to lack of effective support from government both at the centre as well in states. The inefficiency of Central and State pollution control boards is another reason for it. This often results in delays in implementing the tribunal’s decision; The tribunal is not having suo-motu powers which also restricts its ambit in the area of environment etc

Conclusion– based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.


Topic-  Part of static series under the heading – “Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies”

3) CBI plays an important role in criminal justice delivery system which it can’t do while being a “caged parrot”. Analyze.(250 words)

 

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to bring out the role played by CBI in criminal justice delivery system, criticism of CBI along with reasons why it’s called caged parrot, and suggest reforms that are required.

Directive word

Analyze – When asked to analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Discuss the role of CBI along with the acts that govern it and why CBI has been in news off late.

Body

  • Highlight the role played by CBI as the premier investigation agency of the country
  • Discuss criticism of CBI’s role such as corruption, political bias, delays in solving cases etc
  • Discuss reforms required such as autonomy to director, need for a CBI Act etc

Conclusion – Discuss the immense importance of an organisation such as CBI and the way forward.


General Studies – 3


Topic– Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

4) The central bank policy has to be guided by financial markets rather than by a government headed by politicians with electoral compulsions. Comment in the light of recent RBI controversy.(250 words)

Indianexpress

Why this question

The article discusses the intricacies and dilemmas faced by the RBI in the neoliberal regime. It also discusses the inability of interest rate policy as a tool for achieving the multiple and sometimes even contradictory goals.

Directive word

Comment- here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.  

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to dig deeper into the ongoing RBI- Govt. controversy and express our opinion as to whether the RBI policy decisions should be simply guided by financial markets without any interference by the government. We have to form our opinion based on a proper discussion and presentation of facts, arguments.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– write a few introductory lines about the  recent controversy surrounding the RBI and mention sec 7 of the RBI act.

Body-

  1. Express your opinion as to why RBI policy should not be simply guided by the financial markets. E.g This is obviously an undemocratic position, for it amounts to saying that crucial decisions affecting people’s lives should be outside their sphere of intervention through the electoral process; It is also a dangerous position since financial markets are dominated by speculators. As Keynes had pointed out, not only is market incapable of distinguishing between enterprise and speculation, but speculators, far from being “bubbles on a steady stream of enterprise”, create instead a “whirlpool” upon which enterprise itself becomes a mere bubble. The livelihood of over a trillion people cannot be made “a by-product of the activities of a casino”
  2. Discuss why RBI policy should not be simply guided by the government. E.g This would not matter if the government itself was socially accountable through, for instance, being subject to parliamentary oversight; in that case, there would be some restraint on its using control over the central bank for furthering the interests of its crony capitalists. But, as we know, the government is refusing to divulge the contents of Raghuram Rajan’s note on major bank defaulters even to the Estimates Committee of Parliament etc.

Conclusion– based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.

 


Topic – Indian economy : Issues

5) Critically analyze the steps taken by the government to improve the credit situation of MSMEs?(250 words)

Livemint

Why this question

This article highlights the steps taken by the government to boost credit availability of MSMEs and analysis of these steps. In the background of IL&FS crisis, RBI vs Govt narrative etc , the issue of credit availability for MSMEs has become a vital one and needs detailed preparation.

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to list out the steps taken by the government to boost credit availability of MSMEs and analyze the desirability of such steps in the context of overall problems of MSME and other debates surrounding MSMEs.

Directive word

Critically analyze – When asked to analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, all you need to do is look at the good and bad of something and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Discuss the contribution of MSME sector to the economy.

Body

  • Discuss the steps taken by the government to boost credit availability of MSMEs.
  • Discuss the reasons why such steps were taken by the government – share of non-banking financial companies (NBFCs) in loans given to MSMEs has gone up in recent year, issue with NBFC sector, impact of demonetization on MSMEs etc
  • Discuss why such steps taken by the government would not act as panacea for the MSME sector – more than 90% of MSMEs operate in the informal sector. These firms largely depend on informal sources of credit at higher interest rates. It is difficult for these firms to get loans from banks because they do not maintain proper documents and records, not in a position to adopt technology to improve productivity. Further, most firms in the informal sector are unlikely to attract skilled labour.
  • Discuss the steps that are needed to improve the situation for MSMEs

Conclusion – Give a fair and balanced view and discuss way forward.


Topic – Transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints

6) The only way for the government to deliver on its promise to double the income of farmers, is to ensure the creation of a pan-Indian market for agricultural produce. Discuss.(250 words)

Financial express

Why this question

The decision to Maharashtra government to bring reforms in the mandis by delisting fruits and vegetables is well intentioned but for it to make a significant impact, the need is to create a pan Indian market for agricultural produce. There have been multiple efforts for this and thus needs to be prepared.

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to bring out the need for a pan Indian agricultural market, discuss the steps taken to so far to create pan Indian agricultural market and the effectiveness of such steps.

Directive word

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Highlight the step of delisting fruits and vegetables from the mandis and mention that for such a step to bring about real impact, the need is to create pan Indian market.

Body

  • Highlight the problems of APMC Act and the reasons why reforms are required
  • Discuss the steps taken by the government to create a unified national market for agricultural produce and the limitations of such steps
  • Highlight the steps that are needed still such as creation of accreditation agency to ensure quality assurance through an accreditation agency etc

Conclusion – Highlight the importance of bringing reforms in APMC and create a pan Indian market for agricultural produce and mention that for this to happen both centre and state need to make committed reforms.


Topic – Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc

7) Discuss the problems faced by the power sector in India and give suggestions on what needs to be done to better the situation?(250 words)

Financial express

Livemint

Why this question

Rising NPA in coal and power sector are issues that are bothersome for India for these sector are very important for industrial progress of India. The report of Parliamentary committee identifying the problems in the sector is important and needs preparation.

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to highlight the status quo of power sector, analyze the problems faced by them and discuss way forward.

Directive word

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Give a synopsis of the problems faced by power sector.

Body  

  • Discuss the issues faced by the sector such as low availability of coal and other problems highlighted by the Parliamentary standing committee.
  • Discuss the actions taken so far and the impact of such actions Special linkages for some entities by Coal India; The recent move to allow cost pass-through to some entities to relieve them of the burden of increased import price.
  • Discuss the way forward taking inputs from the views of the article along with your views

Conclusion – Harp on the importance of power sector and the need for reforms in the sector.


General Studies – 4


Topic– Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems;

8) Discuss the Cantor’s traits for being successful as a public relations officer. Do you think any other traits that should be added to the list. Discuss.(250 words)

Reference

Directive word

Discuss- this is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question. we also have to discuss about the related and important aspects of the question in order to bring out a complete picture of the issue in hand.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to write in detail about the traits required to become a successful public relations officer, as forwarded by Cantor. Then it wants us to suggest some other traits that we think should be added to the Cantor’s list.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– Write a few introductory lines about the  importance of public relations management in public services.

Body-

  1. Discuss in points/ paragraphs, under the following headings, about the qualities/ traits necessary for being a successful PRO, as forwarded by Cantor. E.g
  • Response to tension
  • Individual initiative
  • Curiosity and learning
  • Energy, drive and ambition
  • Objective thinking
  • Flexible attitude
  • Service to others
  • Friendliness
  • Versatility
  • Lack of self-consciousness
  1. Discuss some other traits that you think should be added to the list.

Conclusion- sum up your discussion in a few lines and form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the above issue.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

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