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[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 02 NOVEMBER 2018

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 02 NOVEMBER 2018

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Tomorrow’s Static Topic: Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and
institutions
.

 


General Studies – 2


Topic– Part of static series under the heading – “Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and
institutions”

1) Analyse the mechanisms through which the separation of powers between legislature and executive has been weakened, thereby weakening the legislature over the years in India. (250 words)

 

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to bring out the various mechanisms whether statutory, convention etc through which the notion of separation of power has been diluted Indian polity when it comes to relation between executive and legislature.

Directive word

Analyze – When asked to analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Explain what is meant by theory of separation of power. Discuss its application in Indian context.

Body – Discuss some of the mechanisms through which executive has encroached into the domain of legislature such as through ordinance making power, passing ordinary legislative bills as money bills etc. Discuss the impact such measures have on disturbing the balance between the organs of the government and what should be done to curb this practice.

Conclusion – Give your view on the present state and discuss way forward.

 


Topic– Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions.

2) The tension between the Executive and Judiciary isn’t new but it has assumed a different dimension in recent years. Critically analyze.(250 words)

Indianexpress

Directive word

Critically analyze-here we  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts, and present them as a whole in a summary.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to dig deep into the tussle between the judiciary and the executive. It wants us to analyze the brief history of the tussle and also the new dimensions it has assumed recently.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– write a few introductory lines about the  separation of powers between various organs of the state as envisaged by the constitution.

Body-

  1. Discuss briefly the history of the judiciary-executive tussle in India. E.g The Constituent Assembly was gripped by a question: should the power to remove superior judges be vested in the President or Parliament? In the end, the view of Sir Alladi Krishnaswami Ayyar, prevailed and the members decided that both Houses of Parliament, while acting on an impeachment notice, would exercise this power, if at all. For, few members believed that this provision would ever be used; Seventy years later, that very provision is at the heart of a tussle between the judiciary and the executive; Mention the  Kameshwar Singh vs State of Bihar case; Golaknath Case; Kesavananda Bharati case; second and third judges cases etc.
  2. Discuss the new developments in this direction, which have given a different dimension to the issue. E.g In 2015, the Supreme Court struck down the NJAC legislation as unconstitutional; the CJI facing an impeachment motion, the lack of cohesion among senior Supreme Court judges, and the Executive asserting itself etc.

Conclusion– based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.


Topic – Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation

3) Air Pollution in India can no longer be tackled with short term, reactive solutions. Critically analyze.(250 words)

Financial express

Why this question

The article highlights the severeness of the problem of air pollution in our cities and analyzes the limitations of government action in dealing with this issue. In light of the growing challenge posed by air pollution, we need to critically analyze our strategy to deal with the same and devise a way forward.

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to answer the following points

  • A peek into how bad the air pollution situation is
  • A mention of what our current strategy to deal with air pollution is and its critical analysis
  • Give suggestions as to how to improve the status quo

Directive word

Critically analyze – When asked to analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, all you need to do is look at the good and bad of something and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Give a brief idea of how bad the air pollution situation is.

Body

  • Discuss the current strategy of the government in dealing with air pollution – routine, piecemeal steps without much reliance on establishing causal relations etc. Highlight steps such as implementation of odd even , banning of crackers etc which hardly make a dent in reducing air Pollution
  • highlight that these steps might give temporary relief. For instance, the situation during Diwali becomes hazardous and hence, limiting the use of crackers must be one of the steps of curbing pollution.
  • However, bring out the issues with the strategy – not scientific, not properly implemented such as in the case of stubble burning in Haryana where we are still unable to stop farmers etc

Conclusion – Give your view on our current strategy to tackle air pollution and discuss way forward.


General Studies – 3


Topic – Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

4) Discuss how section 7 of RBI act empowers the central government to intervene in the functioning of the RBI. What are the recent issues surrounding the act. Discuss.(250 words)

Livemint

Why this question

The central government has recently invoked the said act for the first time in the history of 83 years. Although the act has only been invoked upto the consultation stage, it is important to understand the provisions of the act and the controversy surrounding it.

Directive word

Discuss- this is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question. we also have to discuss about the related and important aspects of the question in order to bring out a complete picture of the issue in hand.

Key demand of the question.

the question wants us to write in detail about the section 7 of RBI act, how it empowers the central government to intervene in RBI’s functioning. It then wants us to write in detail about the controversy surrounding the said act.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– write a few introductory lines about the  recent invocation of sec 7 of RBI act by the government.

Body-

  1. Discuss the provisions of the sec 7 of the RBI act. E.g Section 7 pertains to management. “The Central Government may from time to time give such directions to the Bank as it may, after consultation with the Governor of the Bank, consider necessary in the public interest,” says Section 7(1) of the RBI Act, 1934; Further, Section 7 (2) gives the government powers to entrust the running of the RBI to its Central Board of Directors.; Subject to any such directions, the general superintendence and direction of the affairs and business of the Bank shall be entrusted to a Central Board of Directors which may exercise all powers and do all acts and things which may be exercised or done by the Bank,”
  2. Discuss the recent controversy surrounding the act. Briefly discuss the differences between the govt. and the RBI over which such act may be invoked.

Conclusion– based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.

 


Topic– Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

5) Rural India faces a huge problem of air pollution, towards which sufficient attention has not been paid. Analyze. (250 words)

Livemint

Why this question

Indian cities are grappling with the problem of air pollution and the issue has been sufficiently highlighted. However, rural India is also sailing in the same tide but remains largely out of the purview of the media and policy makers. The article discusses the issue in further detail.

Directive word

Analyze-here we  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts, and present them as a whole in a summary.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to dig deeper into the issue and bring out the situation of air pollution in rural India and why it is worse than the problem in cities.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– write a few introductory lines about the  problem of air pollution and indoor pollution in the rural India.

Body-

  1. Highlight the problem of air pollution in rural India in detail. E.g  The World Health Organization’s Air Pollution and Child Health: Prescribing Clean Air report released earlier this week underlines the fact that  India had almost 61,000 deaths of children under five years due to ambient and household pollution; For other children who are exposed to dangerous levels of air pollution in India—which is 98% or so of them—the issue links to a number of long-term physical and mental developmental problems; It is also connected with the country’s shifting epidemiological profile, feeding into the rise of non-communicable diseases such as cardiovascular conditions and cancer; of the 1.1 million air pollution-related deaths in 2015, 75% were in rural India; Stubble burning, brick kilns, coal-fired factories and wood fires for heat all contribute along with stubble burning in north India to a high degree of air pollution in rural India; The draft National Clean Air Programme has set out a miserably low number of monitoring centres for rural areas etc.
  2. Briefly discuss the efforts made by the government in managing the problem and bring out the inadequacies in those efforts. E.g Ujjwala yojana.

Conclusion- based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.

 


Topic: Indian economy : Issues

6) It is said that well- anchored inflation expectations can improve the strength of the domestic economy. Discuss in light of India’s flexible inflation targeting framework?(250 words)

Livemint

Why this question

The article highlights the importance of selecting an apt anchor for inflation targeting which would enable the central bank and the government to have greater flexibility in dealing with growth inflation conundrum. The issue gains particular significance in the current situation where it appears that RBI and government are not seeing eye to eye on certain issues.

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to bring out what is meant by anchoring of inflation targeting, how it manifests in India’s monetary policy framework, the advantages that it has for the macroeconomy, the flexibility that it provides for resolving the growth inflation dilemma and challenges therein.

Directive word

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Explain about inflation targeting and India’s monetary policy framework which is based on flexible inflation targeting.

Body

  • Explain what is meant by well anchored inflation expectations. Explain with the help of India’s own policy
  • Discuss the advantages of having such anchors and then decide on the monetary policy. Discuss advantages and disadvantages such as
    • The inflation targeting framework put into place is expected to establish the credibility of the central bank by reducing the uncertainty about future policy actions through increased communication, transparency and predictability in the policy actions
    • improve the strength of the domestic economy to counter adverse external shocks, reduce inflation persistence and curtail the pass-through of exchange rate depreciation to domestic prices
  • Discuss the situation in India and whether our inflation expectations, anchors and targets have left scope for flexibility

Conclusion – Discuss if any changes are required in the current framework.


General Studies – 4


Topic-  Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships.

7) “Ethics is neither feelings, nor religion. It is neither following the law nor  doing whatever society accepts.” Comment.(250 words) 

Reference

Directive word

Comment- here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to express our opinion based on our knowledge and understanding as to why Ethics is neither feelings, nor religion; not following the law and not doing whatever society accepts. We can form our opinion either in favour or against the statement but our opinion should be properly backed.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– write a few introductory lines about the  meaning of ethics. E.g

Body

Discuss individually-

  1. Why ethics is not feelings.
  2. Why ethics is not religion.
  3. Why ethics is not following the law.
  4. Why ethics is not doing whatever society accepts.

Take the help of the article attached to the question to frame yur answer.

Conclusion– based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue. Give a simple and a conclusive definition of ethics to sum up your answer.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

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