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3) Examine why 42nd Constitutional Amendment is called a mini Constitution?(250 words)

Topic – Part of static series under the heading – “Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure”

3) Examine why 42nd Constitutional Amendment is called a mini Constitution?(250 words)

Key demand of the constitution

The question expects us to paint a macro picture of the changes brought about by 42nd constitutional amendment act and the impact of those changes. We also need to bring out how its effects were nullified.

Directive word

Examine – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic,  get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any .

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Give a brief backdrop of the developments pre 42nd CAA

Body

  • Discuss the macro changes brought about by the 42nd Amendment Act such as the changes to fundamental rights, almost made parliament the supreme law making body etc
  • Discuss the impact that these changes would have – threaten the balance between the three organs of government, dilute FRs etc
  • Discuss how the changes proposed by 42nd CAA were nullified.

Conclusion – Mention that sweeping changes were proposed by that Amendment which would have made the constitution unrecognisable.