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[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 30 OCTOBER 2018

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 30 OCTOBER 2018

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General Studies – 1


TopicModern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues

1) Sardar Patel was a selfless leader, who placed the country’s interests above everything else and shaped India’s destiny with single-minded devotion. Discuss.(250 words)

Pib

Directive word

Discuss- this is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question. we also have to discuss about the related and important aspects of the question in order to bring out a complete picture of the issue in hand.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to write in detail about the role of Sardar Patel in building and shaping the modern India.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– Write a few introductory lines about the  Sardar Patel- his birth and overall role in Indian society.

Body-

Discuss in paragraphs the contribution of Sardar Patel. E.g He fashioned the country’s political integration with the swiftness of a military commander and deftness of a visionary leader; Displaying the vision of a statesman, tact, diplomacy and pragmatic approach, he prevented the balkanization of the country and ensured the merger of more than 560 princely States with the Union of India at a critical and most turbulent period in the history of the country. What makes this stupendous integration most remarkable is that it was achieved without any bloodshed.

Adopting different approaches as warranted by the situation, he gave friendly advice in some cases, persuaded the rulers to see reason in others and even used force as in the case of Hyderabad; Acknowledging the monumental contribution of Patel in nation building, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru had this to say: ‘History will call him the builder and consolidator of new India’ etc.

Conclusion– sum up your discussion in a few lines and form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the above issue.


Topic– Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.

2) What do you understand by communalism, in the Indian context. Discuss its evolution in Indian society. (250 words)

Insightsonindia

Directive word

Discuss- this is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question. we also have to discuss about the related and important aspects of the question in order to bring out a complete picture of the issue in hand.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to write in detail about the meaning of the term communalism, in the Indian historical, social and political context. It then wants us to write in detail about the evolution of communalism in India.

Structure of the answer

Introduction- define communalism in a simple way- e.g Communalism is a political philosophy, which proposes that market and money be abolished and that land and enterprises to be placed in the custody of community. But in the Indian sub-continent context, communalism has come to be associated  with tensions and clashes between different religious communities in various regions.

Body-

  • Discuss about communalism in India in detail. E.g It is basically an ideology which consists of three elements. Discuss each element briefly.
  • Discuss the evolution of communalism in India. E.g ancient India was united and no such communal feelings were there. People lived peacefully together, there was acceptance for each other’s culture and tradition. For example, Ashoka followed religious tolerance and focussed mainly on Dhamma; In Medieval period, we have examples such as- Akbar, who was epitome of secular practises and believed in propagating such values; Communalism in India is result of the emergence of modern politics, which has its roots in British policy of divide and rule and the partition of Bengal in 1905 and feature of separate electorate under Government of India Act, 1909; Such acts were done by the British government to appease Muslims and other communities, and dividing the Indian public opinion for their own political needs. This feeling of communalism has deepened since then, fragmenting the Indian society and being a cause of unrest etc.

Conclusion– based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.


Topic– Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.

3) Communalism in India was born, nurtured and promoted by the British imperialism, as a deliberative design to sow dissensions. Comment.(250 words)

Reference

Directive word

Comment- here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.  

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an opinion as to whether or not, communalism in India was born, nurtured and promoted by the British imperialism as a deliberative design to sow dissensions.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– write a few introductory lines about the  meaning of communalism in the Indian context.

Body-

Discuss how communalism in India was born, nurtured and promoted by the British imperialism. E.g communalism served the colonial administration to ‘divide and rule’ and therefore the prevailing religions differences were first used to project the social and cultural variations and then to promote political divisions by treating Indian but as members of religious communities; The British India was divided into the feudal principalities and religious communities. The British administrators created division and tensions between these communities. The communal politics was encouraged by them. A voter was classified as a Hindu  or a Muslim etc. and so was a candidate and representative. It is in this historical context that communalism came to acquire the meaning of being opposed to national identity, of being against the secularization process, of being too narrowly and negatively attached to one’s own religious etc.

Briefly discuss the partition of Bengal; separate seats for muslim and other candidates and Separate Electorate for muslims and other such communal policies and tactics of the Britishers.

Conclusion– based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.


Topic – Part of static series under the heading – “Social empowerment”

4) We still have much to do to ensure an inclusive, barrier-free and rights based society for persons with disabilities through empowering them. Discuss the steps taken by government in this regard and examine how far have we been successful in empowering the differently abled?(250 words)

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to bring out the status of differently abled in the country and society, the steps taken by the government in improving their condition and how effective have those steps been.

Directive word

Discuss – In your discussion, bring out the steps taken by the government for empowerment of differently abled and its effectiveness.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Throw light on the status of disabled in the country and the nature of challenges they face.

Body – Discuss the steps taken by the government such as a separate department of empowerment of persons with disabilities, accessible India campaign, Implementation of Persons with Disabilities Act (SIPDA), awareness generation etc. Also give details of these steps. Discuss how effective these steps have been in tackling the challenges faced by the disabled.

Conclusion – give your view on the efficacy of governmental action and the way forward.


General Studies – 2


TopicStatutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies

5) An independent central bank augurs well for a democratic politico-economy. Critically analyze in light of the alleged tussle between RBI and Central Govt?(250 words)

Livemint

Why this question

The independence of institutions in a democracy is critical, and in recent days, the number of institutions such as CBI, RBI etc which have been having issues with interference in their functioning. Several reports and committees have suggested the need to maintain independence of central bank and the question expects you to discuss this.

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to bring out the reasons why independence of RBI is important, how far should RBI remain accountable to the Parliament and the people and how to resolve the dichotomy.

Directive word

Critically analyze – When asked to analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, all you need to do is look at the good and bad of something and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – highlight the recent turn of events that has raised question marks over RBI’s independence.

Body

  • Discuss the role of Central Bank in economy and highlight the reasons why independence of central bank is critical for a country because of the major roles that it plays in countering inflation, preventing overheating of the economy, ensuring that the economy chugs along on a sustainable growth path etc
  • Discuss whether RBI or any central bank needs to be more accountable to the Parliament because RBI by nature will ignore the short term effects of their policies on the economy, the brunt of which has to be borne by the Parliament etc
  • Discuss how can this dichotomy be resolved . Highlight steps already taken such as MPC etc. Bring out some other suggestions as well.

Conclusion – Give a fair and balanced opinion and discuss way forward.


General Studies – 3


Topic Indian economy and issues related to employment

6) What do you understand by gig economy? Discuss the advantages and challenges offered by gig economy?(250 words)

Livemint

Why this question

The article discusses the meaning, opportunities and challenges provided by a new trend in the job market which is gig economy. In the digital age it is gaining popularity and thus the meaning, opportunities and challenges of gig economy needs to be discussed.

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to bring out the meaning of gig economy, highlight the pace at which it is growing and discuss the opportunities and challenges provided by gig economy.

Directive word

Discuss – Here in your discussion, the meaning, opportunities and challenges provided by gig economy are to be brought out.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Mention that one of the big trends we have seen over the last decade is the rise of the “gig economy”—where, instead of full-time employment, organisations contract with independent workers for short-term engagements.

Body – Discuss the McKinsey report which highlighted the growing trend of gig economy and the reasons why it is in vogue – in the digital age, the worker need not sit at a fixed location—the job can be done from anywhere, so employers can select the best talent available for a project without being bound by geography; Digitization has also led to staff reductions in many businesses. ; And very importantly, the millennial generation seems to have quite a different attitude to careers than their parents did. Discuss challenges in gig economy such as the lack of social security benefits etc. Discuss how can this dichotomy be resolved.

Conclusion – Give your view on the future of gig economy in India and the way forward.


General Studies – 4


Topic- Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service , integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker sections.

7) What is the role of Ethos and Ethics in the context of public services. Discuss.(250 words)

Reference

Directive word

Discuss- this is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question. we also have to discuss about the related and important aspects of the question in order to bring out a complete picture of the issue in hand.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to write in detail about the meaning and role of the ethos and ethics in the context of public services.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– Define ethos and ethics means. E.g Ethos is the character or fundamental values of a person, people, culture, or movement while ethic is a set of principles of right and wrong behaviour guiding, or representative of, a specific culture, society, group, or individual.

Discuss their importance and role in public services. E.g

  • Ethos- Discuss how ethos helps in public services. E.g Passion for serving people with special care for the marginalised and disadvantaged. Being approachable, welcoming, caring and rising above bias while interacting with people.Understands the needs of the people and constantly strives to improve the services; Strategic Thinking; Organisational Awareness;wee Commitment to the organisation; Leading Others.
  • Ethics- e.g discuss the role of Integrity; Self-Confidence;  Attention to Detail; assuming responsibility and fostering and practicing accountability etc.

Conclusion– based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

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