Topic– Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.
3) Communalism in India was born, nurtured and promoted by the British imperialism, as a deliberative design to sow dissensions. Comment.(250 words)
Comment- here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.
Key demand of the question.
The question wants us to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an opinion as to whether or not, communalism in India was born, nurtured and promoted by the British imperialism as a deliberative design to sow dissensions.
Structure of the answer
Introduction– write a few introductory lines about the meaning of communalism in the Indian context.
Discuss how communalism in India was born, nurtured and promoted by the British imperialism. E.g communalism served the colonial administration to ‘divide and rule’ and therefore the prevailing religions differences were first used to project the social and cultural variations and then to promote political divisions by treating Indian but as members of religious communities; The British India was divided into the feudal principalities and religious communities. The British administrators created division and tensions between these communities. The communal politics was encouraged by them. A voter was classified as a Hindu or a Muslim etc. and so was a candidate and representative. It is in this historical context that communalism came to acquire the meaning of being opposed to national identity, of being against the secularization process, of being too narrowly and negatively attached to one’s own religious etc.
Briefly discuss the partition of Bengal; separate seats for muslim and other candidates and Separate Electorate for muslims and other such communal policies and tactics of the Britishers.
Conclusion– based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.