Topic – Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation
7) Decentralised sludge management systems are vital to achieve clean water goals of India. Examine.(250 words)
Why this question
The article discusses the situation of wastewater treatment in India and the dire need to ameliorate the situation by stressing upon decentralised sludge management systems in India.
Examine- here we have to probe deeper into the topic, get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any.
Key demand of the question.
The question wants us to examine the reasons as to why decentralised sludge management system is vital to achieve India’s clean water goals.
Structure of the answer
Introduction– write a few introductory lines about the India’s clean water goals and mention India’s various rejuvenation programmes.
- Discuss the deficiencies in the present wastewater and sludge management. E.g At the national scale, a United Nations report of 2015 estimates that 65,000 tonnes of untreated faeces is introduced into the environment in India annually. The Swachh Bharat Abhiyan promised a major shift, but it has focussed more on the basic requirement of household and community toilets in rural and urban areas etc.
- Discuss the merits of decentralised sludge management. E.g Decentralization takes into account basic principles of design in nature.“Traditional” wastewater systems circumvent natural patterns, sacrificing resiliency and efficiency for speed and size. Decentralized wastewater treatment disperses the resource closer to its source and minimizes surface discharges etc.
Conclusion– based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.